British law

অন্যান্য

ব্রিটিশ জাতীয়তা আইন 1981 অধ্যায় 61 অধ্যায় প্রথম অংশ ব্রিটিশ নাগরিকত্ব অধিগ্রহণ জন্ম বা দত্তক দ্বারা সেকশন অধিগ্রহণ শুরু করার পর। অবতরণ দ্বারা অধিগ্রহণ। নিবন্ধন ের মাধ্যমে অধিগ্রহণ: অপ্রাপ্তবয়স্করা। নিবন্ধন দ্বারা অধিগ্রহণ: ব্রিটিশ নির্ভরশীল অঞ্চল নাগরিক ইত্যাদি। নিবন্ধন ের মাধ্যমে অধিগ্রহণ: কমিউনিটি চুক্তির উদ্দেশ্যে নাগরিক। প্রাকৃতিকীকরণ দ্বারা অধিগ্রহণ। শুরুর পর অধিগ্রহণ: বিশেষ কেস রাইট টু রেজিস্ট্রেশন ইন ইউ কে বা প্রাসঙ্গিক কর্মসংস্থান। বিয়ের গুণে রেজিস্ট্রেশন। পিতার নাগরিকত্ব ইত্যাদির মাধ্যমে নিবন্ধনের অধিকার। যুক্তরাজ্য ও উপনিবেশের নাগরিকত্ব ত্যাগের পর নিবন্ধন।

  1. যুক্তরাজ্য এবং উপনিবেশের শুরুতে অধিগ্রহণ যারা শুরুতে ব্রিটিশ নাগরিক হতে হবে। ত্যাগ এবং পুনরায় শুরু ত্যাগ। আবার শুরু। ব্রিটিশ নাগরিকদের সম্পূরক অর্থ ” অবতরণ ” একটি অংশ দ্বিতীয় ব্রিটিশ নির্ভরশীল অঞ্চল নাগরিকত্ব অধিগ্রহণ শুরু বিভাগ _ জন্ম বা দত্তক দ্বারা অধিগ্রহণ। অবতরণ দ্বারা অধিগ্রহণ। নিবন্ধন ের মাধ্যমে অধিগ্রহণ: অপ্রাপ্তবয়স্করা। প্রাকৃতিকীকরণ দ্বারা অধিগ্রহণ। শুরুর পর অধিগ্রহণ: বিশেষ কেস
    নির্ভরশীল এলাকায় বসবাসের গুণে নিবন্ধনের অধিকার। বিয়ের গুণে রেজিস্ট্রেশন। পিতার নাগরিকত্ব ইত্যাদির মাধ্যমে নিবন্ধনের অধিকার। যুক্তরাজ্য এবং উপনিবেশগুলির নাগরিকত্ব পুনরায় শুরু করার অধিকার প্রতিস্থাপন করে নিবন্ধনের অধিকার। যুক্তরাজ্য এবং উপনিবেশের শুরুতে অধিগ্রহণ যারা শুরুতে ব্রিটিশ নির্ভরশীল অঞ্চলের নাগরিক হতে হবে। ত্যাগ এবং পুনরায় শুরু ত্যাগ এবং পুনরায় শুরু। ব্রিটিশ নির্ভরশীল অঞ্চলের নাগরিকদের সম্পূরক অর্থ” অবতরণ তৃতীয় ব্রিটিশ বিদেশী নাগরিকত্ব নাগরিক যারা শুরুতে ব্রিটিশ বিদেশী নাগরিক হতে হবে। অপ্রাপ্তবয়স্কদের নিবন্ধন। বিয়ের গুণে রেজিস্ট্রেশন। ত্যাগ। চতুর্থ খণ্ড ব্রিটিশ বিষয় কিছু বর্ণনা বিদ্যমান ব্রিটিশ বিষয় ব্রিটিশ বিষয় হিসাবে ধারাবাহিকতা। ইয়ের কিছু প্রাক্তন নাগরিকের ব্রিটিশ বিষয় হিসেবে ধারাবাহিকতা। অপ্রাপ্তবয়স্কদের নিবন্ধন।
    শুরুর অব্যবহিত পূর্বে ব্রিটিশ বিষয় হিসেবে নিবন্ধনের অধিকারী কিছু এলিয়েন নারীর সেকশন রেজিস্ট্রেশন। ত্যাগ। যে পরিস্থিতিতে ব্রিটিশ প্রজাদের সেই মর্যাদা হারাতে হয়। পঞ্চম পর্ব বিবিধ এবং সম্পূরক বিধানরাষ্ট্রহীনতা কমানোর জন্য। কমনওয়েলথ নাগরিকত্ব। ব্রিটিশ সুরক্ষিত ব্যক্তি। ইমিগ্রেশন আইন ১৯৭১ এর সংশোধনী নাগরিকত্ব ের বঞ্চনা। কাউন্সিলে বিধিমালা ও আদেশ। নিবন্ধন এবং স্বাভাবিককরণ: সাধারণ বিধান। গভর্নর এবং অন্যান্যদের দ্বারা পররাষ্ট্র সচিবের কার্যাবলী অনুশীলন। বিবেচনা অনুশীলনের সাথে জড়িত সিদ্ধান্ত। প্রমাণ। অপরাধ এবং কার্যক্রম। বৈধ শিশুরা। মরণোত্তর শিশু। ব্রিটিশ জাতীয়তা আইন ১৯৪৮ থেকে ১৯৬৫ এর অধীনে নিবন্ধন ও স্বাভাবিককরণ। ব্যাখ্যা। অন্যান্য কর্ম ও যন্ত্রে জাতীয়তা সম্পর্কিত কিছু অভিব্যক্তির অর্থ। ফলশ্রুতিতে সংশোধনী, অন্তর্বর্তীকালীন বিধান, বাতিল এবং সঞ্চয়। উদ্ধৃতি, শুরু এবং ব্যাপ্তি।

সময়সূচী: সময়সূচী ১-প্রাকৃতিকীকরণের প্রয়োজনীয়তা। তফসিল ২-রাষ্ট্রহীনতা কমানোর বিধান। তফসিল ৩-যেসব দেশের নাগরিকরা কমনওয়েলথনাগরিক। তফসিল ৪-ইমিগ্রেশন আইন ১৯৭১ এর সংশোধনী। তফসিল ৫-আনুগত্যের শপথ। শিডিউল ৬-ব্রিটিশ নির্ভরশীল অঞ্চল। তফসিল ৭-ফলাফল সংশোধনী। শিডিউল ৮-অন্তর্বর্তীকালীন বিধান। শিডিউল ৯-বাতিল।c. 61

(2) ব্রিটিশ জাতীয়তা আইন ১৯৮১ অধ্যায় ৬১ নাগরিকত্ব ও জাতীয়তা সম্পর্কে নতুন বিধান প্রণয়ন এবং যুক্তরাজ্যে বসবাসের অধিকার সংক্রান্ত অভিবাসন আইন ১৯৭১ সংশোধন ের জন্য একটি আইন। [৩০শে অক্টোবর ১৯৮১] B e e এটা রানীর সবচেয়ে চমৎকার মহামান্য দ্বারা প্রণীত, লর্ডস আধ্যাত্মিক এবং অস্থায়ী, এবং কমন্স, বর্তমান সংসদে একত্রিত, এবং এর কর্তৃত্ব দ্বারা, নিম্নলিখিত:- প্রথম ব্রিটিশ নাগরিকত্ব অধিগ্রহণ শুরু হওয়ার পর – (1) যুক্তরাজ্যে একজন ব্যক্তি বোম একজন ব্রিটিশ নাগরিক; অথবা ইউনাইটেড কিংডমে বসতি স্থাপন করেন। একটি সদ্যোজাত শিশু, শুরু হওয়ার পর, যুক্তরাজ্যে পরিত্যক্ত অবস্থায় পাওয়া যায়] যদি না এর বিপরীত দেখানো হয়, উপধারা (1) এর উদ্দেশ্যে বিবেচনা করা হবে- যা যুক্তরাজ্যে কম মেনসিমেন্টের পর বম হয়েছে বলে বিবেচনা করা হয়; এবং একজন পিতামাতার কাছে বোম হতে হবে যে টি … ব্রিটিশ জাতীয়তা আইন ১৯৮১ অধ্যায় ৬১ নাগরিকত্ব ও জাতীয়তা সম্পর্কে নতুন বিধান প্রণয়ন এবং যুক্তরাজ্যে বসবাসের অধিকার সংক্রান্ত অভিবাসন আইন ১৯৭১ সংশোধন ের জন্য একটি আইন। [৩০শে অক্টোবর ১৯৮১] B e e এটা রানীর সবচেয়ে চমৎকার মহামান্য দ্বারা প্রণীত, লর্ডস আধ্যাত্মিক এবং অস্থায়ী, এবং কমন্স, বর্তমান সংসদে একত্রিত, এবং এর কর্তৃত্ব দ্বারা, নিম্নলিখিত:- প্রথম ব্রিটিশ নাগরিকত্ব অধিগ্রহণ শুরু হওয়ার পর – (1) যুক্তরাজ্যে একজন ব্যক্তি বোম একজন ব্রিটিশ নাগরিক; অথবা ইউনাইটেড কিংডমে বসতি স্থাপন করেন। একটি সদ্যোজাত শিশু, শুরু হওয়ার পর, যুক্তরাজ্যে পরিত্যক্ত অবস্থায় পাওয়া যায়] যদি না এর বিপরীত দেখানো হয়, উপধারা (1) এর উদ্দেশ্যে বিবেচনা করা হবে- যা যুক্তরাজ্যে কম মেনসিমেন্টের পর বম হয়েছে বলে বিবেচনা করা হয়; এবং একজন পিতামাতার কাছে বোম হতে হবে যে টি …
(3) যুক্তরাজ্যের একজন ব্যক্তি যিনি উপধারা (1) বা (2) দ্বারা ব্রিটিশ নাগরিক নন, যদি তিনি নাবালক হন- তার পিতা বা মা ব্রিটিশ নাগরিক হন অথবা যুক্তরাজ্যে বসতি স্থাপন করা হয়; এবং একজন ব্রিটিশ নাগরিক হিসেবে তার নিবন্ধনের জন্য আবেদন করা হয়। যুক্তরাজ্যের একজন ব্যক্তি যিনি উপধারা (1) দ্বারা ব্রিটিশ নাগরিক নন অথবা অধিকার পাবেন, দশ বছর বয়স হওয়ার পর যে কোন সময় করা ব্রিটিশ নাগরিক হিসেবে তার নিবন্ধনের জন্য আবেদন করা হবে, যদি সেই ব্যক্তির জীবনের প্রথম দশ বছরের প্রতিটি সম্পর্কে, , যে দিনে তিনি ঐ বছর ইউনাইটেড কিংডমে অনুপস্থিত ছিলেন তার সংখ্যা 90 এর বেশী নয়।

(4) যেখানে যুক্তরাজ্যের কোন আদালত ব্রিটিশ নাগরিক নয় এমন কোন নাবালককে দত্তক নেওয়ার আদেশ শুরু করার পর, তিনি একজন ব্রিটিশ নাগরিক হবেন, যে তারিখ থেকে দত্তক নেওয়া হয় অথবা যৌথ দত্তক নেওয়ার ক্ষেত্রে, দত্তক গ্রহণকারীএকজন ব্রিটিশ নাগরিক। যেখানে কোন ব্যক্তি উপধারা (5) এর গুণে ব্রিটিশ নাগরিক হয়ে ওঠে, তা বাতিল বা অন্যথায়, সেসার ব্রিটিশ নাগরিক হিসেবে সেই ব্যক্তির মর্যাদাকে প্রভাবিত করবে না। যদি কোন বিশেষ ক্ষেত্রে পররাষ্ট্র সচিব উপযুক্ত মনে করেন, তাহলে উপধারা (৪) এর উদ্দেশ্যে তিনি সেই উপধারায় উল্লিখিত প্রয়োজনীয়তা পূরণের জন্য বিবেচনা করতে পারেন, যদিও সেই ব্যক্তির জীবনের প্রথম দশ বছরের যে কোন এক বা একাধিক দিনের ক্ষেত্রে, যে দিনে তিনি ইউনাইটেড কিংডম থেকে অনুপস্থিত ছিলেন

(2) এই ধারা এবং এই আইনের অন্য কোথাও ” নিষ্পত্তি” ধারা 50 দ্বারা অর্থ প্রদান করা হয়েছে। -(১) জন্মের পর যুক্তরাজ্যের বাইরে কোন ব্যক্তি ব্রিটিশ নাগরিক হইবেন, যদি তাঁহার পিতা বা মাতা- অবতরণের পরিবর্তে ব্রিটিশ নাগরিক হন; অথবা একজন ব্রিটিশ নাগরিক এবং এই অনুচ্ছেদ প্রযোজ্য সেবার জন্য যুক্তরাজ্যের বাইরে কাজ করছেন, যে সেবার জন্য তার নিয়োগ ইউনাইটেড কিংডমে অনুষ্ঠিত হয়েছে; অথবা একজন ব্রিটিশ নাগরিক এবং ইউনাইটেড পার্টি কিংডমের বাইরে একটি কমিউনিটি প্রতিষ্ঠানের অধীনে সেবা করছেন, যে দেশে নিয়োগের সময় তিনি কমিউনিটির সদস্য ছিলেন।
(b) উপধারা (১) এর অনুচ্ছেদ (১) যুক্তরাজ্য সরকারের অধীনে ক্রাউন সার্ভিসের ক্ষেত্রে প্রযোজ্য; এবং উপ-ধারা (৩) এর অধীনে নির্ধারিত সময়ের জন্য যে কোন বর্ণনার সেবা। এই বিভাগের উদ্দেশ্যে পররাষ্ট্র সচিব বিধিবদ্ধ যন্ত্র দ্বারা যে কোন সেবার বর্ণনা নির্ধারণ করতে পারেন যা তিনি যুক্তরাজ্যের মহামান্য সরকারের বাইরের কার্যক্রমের সাথে ঘনিষ্ঠভাবে যুক্ত বলে বিবেচনা করেন। উপধারা (৩) এর অধীনে করা যে কোন আদেশ সংসদের উভয় কক্ষের একটি প্রস্তাব মেনে বাতিল করা হবে – (১) একজন ব্যক্তি যদি একজন ব্রিটিশ নাগরিক হিসেবে তার নিবন্ধনের জন্য আবেদন করে থাকেন, তাহলে নিবন্ধনের মাধ্যমে পররাষ্ট্র সচিবকে নিবন্ধনের মাধ্যমে অধিগ্রহণ করা হতে পারে: যদি তিনি মনে করেন যে তিনি উপযুক্ত মনে করেন, তাহলে তাকে এই ধরনের নাগরিক হিসেবে নিবন্ধন করতে হবে। mmors- যুক্তরাজ্যের বাইরে জন্মগ্রহণকারী একজন ব্যক্তি ব্রিটিশ নাগরিক হিসেবে তার রেজিস্ট্রেশনের জন্য আবেদন করতে পারবেন।সেই উপধারার মধ্যে, সেই ব্যক্তির পিতা বা তার মায়ের ক্ষেত্রে (” প্রশ্নবিদ্ধ পিতা-মাতার ক্ষেত্রে পূরণ করা হয়।) উপধারা (২) এ উল্লিখিত প্রয়োজনীয়তা গুলি হল- যে পিতা-মাতা জন্মের সময় অবতরণের সময় একজন ব্রিটিশ নাগরিক ছিলেন; এবং প্রশ্নবিদ্ধ পিতামাতার পিতা বা মাতা- প্রশ্নবিদ্ধ পিতামাতার জন্মের সময় অবতরণের চেয়ে একজন ব্রিটিশ নাগরিক ছিলেন; অথবা শুরুতে অবতরণ ছাড়া ব্রিটিশ নাগরিক হয়ে ওঠে, অথবা শুরুতে অবতরণ ছাড়া অন্য কোন নাগরিক হতে পারত না, কিন্তু তার মৃত্যুর জন্য ; এবং যে, তিন বছরের কিছু সময়ের জন্য জন্ম তারিখের পরে নয়- প্রশ্নবিদ্ধ পিতামাতা সেই সময়ের শুরুতে যুক্তরাজ্যে ছিলেন; এবং

(ii) যে সময়ের মধ্যে প্রশ্নবিদ্ধ পিতামাতা ইউনাইটেড কিংডম থেকে অনুপস্থিত ছিল দিনের সংখ্যা 270 অতিক্রম করে না.

(2) যদি কোন বিশেষ ক্ষেত্রে পররাষ্ট্র সচিব উপযুক্ত মনে করেন, তাহলে তিনি উপধারা (২) কে এমন ভাবে বিবেচনা করতে পারেন যেন বারো মাসের রেফারেন্স ছয় বছরের রেফারেন্স।
(3) A person bom outside the United Kingdom shall be entitled, on an application for his registration as a British citizen made while he is a minor, to be registered as such a citizen if the following requirements are satisfied, namely—
(a) that at the time of that person’s birth his father or mother was a British citizen by descent; and
Ib) subject to subsection (6), that that person and his father and mother were in the United Kingdom at the begin-ning of the period of three years ending with the date of the application and that, in the case of each of them, the number of days on which the person in question was absent from the United Kingdom in that period does not exceed 270 ; and
(c) subject to subsection (6), that the consent of his father and mother to the registration has been signified in the prescribed manner.
(4) In the case of an application under subsection (5) for the registration of a person as a British citizen—
(a) if his father or mother died, or their marriage was
terminated, on or before the date of the application, or his father and mother were legally separated on that date, the references to his father and mother in para-graph (b) of that subsection shall be read either as ref-erences to his father or as references to his mother;
(b) if his father or mother died on or before that date, the
reference to his father and mother in paragraph (c) of that subsection shall be read as a reference to either of them ; and
(c) if he was bom illegitimate, all those references shall be
read as references to his mother.

  1. —(1) This section applies to any person who is a British Dependent Territories citizen, a British Overseas citizen, a Brit¬ish subject under this Act or a British protected person.
    (2) A person to whom this section applies shall be entitled, on an application for his registration as a British citizen, to be
    registered as such a citizen if the following requirements are satis¬fied in the case of that person, namely—
    (a) subject to subsection (3), that he was in the United King¬
    dom at the beginning of the period of five years ending with the date of the application and that the number of days on which he was absent from the United Kingdom in that period does not exceed 450 ; and
    (b) that the number of days on which he was absent from the United Kingdom in the period of twelve months so ending does not exceed 90 ; and
    (c) that he was not at any time in the period of twelve
    months so ending subject under the immigration laws to any restriction on the period for which he might remain in the United Kingdom ; and
    (d) that he was not at any time in the period of five years
    so ending in the United Kingdom in breach of the immigration laws.
    (3) So much of subsection (2) (a) as requires the person in ques¬tion to have been in the United Kingdom at the beginning of the period there mentioned shall not apply in relation to a person who was settled in the United Kingdom immediately before commencement.
    (4) If in the special circumstances of any particular case the Secretary of State thinks fit, he may for the purposes of sub-section (2) do all or any of the following things, namely—
    (a) treat the person to whom the application relates as ful¬
    filling the requirement specified in subsection (2)(a) or subsection (2) (b), or both, although the number of days on which he was absent from the United Kingdom in the period there mentioned exceeds the number there mentioned;
    (b) disregard any such restriction as is mentioned in sub¬
    section (2)(c), not being a restriction to which that person was subject on the date of the application ;
    (c) treat that person as fulfilling the requirement specified
    in subsection (Did) although he was in the United King¬dom in breach of the immigration laws in the period there mentioned.
    (5) If, on an application for registration as a British citizen made by a person to whom this section applies, the Secretary of State is satisfied that the applicant has at any time served in service to which this subsection applies, he may, if he thinks fit in the special circumstances of the applicant’s case, cause him to be registered as such a citizen.
    Part I (6) Subsection (5) applies to—
    (a) Crown service under the government of a dependent
    territory; and
    (b) paid or unpaid service (not falling within paragraph (a))
    as a member of any body established by law in a depen¬dent territory members of which are appointed by or on behalf of the Crown.
    Acquisition by 5. A British Dependent Territories citizen who falls to be registration: treated as a national of the United Kingdom for the purposes of
    purposes of the Community Treaties shall be entitled to be registered as a Community British citizen if an application is made for his registration as
    Treaties. such a citizen.
  2. —(1) If, on an application for naturalisation as a British citizen made by a person of full age and capacity, the Secretary of State is satisfied that the applicant fulfils the requirements of Schedule 1 for naturalisation as such a citizen under this sub¬section, he may, if he thinks fit, grant to him a certificate of naturalisation as such a citizen.
    (2) If, on an application for naturalisation as a British citizen made by a person of full age and capacity who on the date of the application is married to a British citizen, the Secretary of State is satisfied that the applicant fulfils the requirements of Schedule 1 for naturalisation as such a citizen under this sub-section, he may, if he thinks fit, grant to him a certificate of naturalisation as such a citizen.
    Acquisition after commencement: special cases
  3. —(1) A person shall be entitled, on an application for his registration as a British citizen made (subject to subsections (6) and (7)) within five years after commencement, to be registered as such a citizen if either of the following requirements is satis¬fied in his case, namely—
    (a) that, if paragraphs 2 and 3 (but not paragraph 4 or 5) of
    Schedule 1 to the Immigration Act 1971 had remained in force, he would (had he applied for it) have been, on the date of the application under this subsection, entitled under the said paragraph 2 to be registered in the United Kingdom as a citizen of the United King-dom and Colonies; or
    (b) that, if section 5A of the 1948 Act (and section 2 of the Immigration Act 1971 as in force immediately before commencement) had remained in force, he would (had he applied for it) have been, both at commencement and on the date of the application under this sub¬section, entitled under seotion 5A(1) of the 1948 Act to
    be registered as a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies.
    (2) A person shall be entitled, on an application for his registration as a British citizen made (subject to subsection (8)) within six years after commencement, to be registered as such a citizen if he—
    (a) was ordinarily resident in the United Kingdom through¬
    out a period ending at commencement but not amount¬ing to five years; and
    (b) throughout the period from commencement to the date
    of the application—
    (i) remained ordinarily resident in the United Kingdom; and
    (ii) had the right of abode in the United Kingdom under the Immigration Act 1971; and
    (c) had on the date of the application been ordinarily resident
    in the United Kingdom for the last five years or more.
    (3) Subject to subsection (5), if, in the case of an application for the registration of a person under subsection (2) as a British citizen, that person has been engaged in relevant service through¬out any period (of whatever length), that period shall for the purposes of subsection (2) be treated as a period throughout which he was ordinarily resident in the United Kingdom.
    (4) For the purposes of subsection (3) “ relevant service ” means—
    (a) Crown service under the government of the United
    Kingdom; or
    (b) service under any international organisation of which
    the United Kingdom or Her Majesty’s government therein is a member; or
    (c) service in the employment of any company or associ¬
    ation established in the United Kingdom.
    (5) A person shall not be registered under subsection (2) wholly or partly by reason of service within subsection (4)(b) or
    (c) unless it seems to the Secretary of State fitting that he should be so registered by reason of his close connection with the United Kingdom.
    (6) If in the special circumstances of any particular case the Secretary of State thinks fit, he may treat subsection (1) as if—
    (a) the reference to five years after commencement were a
    reference to eight years after commencement; or
    (b) where subsection (7) applies, as if the reference to five years from the date on which the person to whom the 
    application relates attains full age were a reference to eight years from that date, but shall not do so in the case of an application based on paragraph (b) of subsection (1) unless the person to whom the application relates would have been entitled to be registered under that subsection on an application so based made immedi¬ately before the end of the five years after commencement.
    (7) In the case of any person who is a minor at commence-ment, the reference to five years after commencement in sub-section (1) above shall be treated as a reference to five years from the date on which he attains full age.
    (8) If in the special circumstances of any particular case the Secretary of State thinks fit, he may treat subsection (2) as if the reference to six years after commencement were a reference to eight years after commencement.
  4. —(1) A woman who immediately before commencement was the wife of a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies shall be entitled, on an application for her registration as a British citizen made within five years after commencement, to be registered as a British citizen if—
    (a) immediately before commencement she would (if she
    had applied for it) have been entitled under section 6(2) of the 1948 Act to be registered as a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies by virtue of her mar¬riage to the man who was then her husband; and
    (b) that man became a British citizen at commencement
    and did not at any time in the period from commence-ment to the date of the application under this subseo- tion cease to be such a citizen as a result of a declara-tion of renunciation; and
    (c) she remained married to him throughout that period.
    (2) On an application for her registration as a British citizen
    made within five years after commencement, the Secretary of
    State may, if he thinks fit, cause a woman to be registered as such a citizen if—
    (a) immediately before commencement she would (if she
    aPP^e^ fa” it) have been entitled under section 6(2) of toe 1948 Act to be registered as a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies by virtue of having been married to a man to whom she is no longer married
    on the date of the application under this subsection; and
    (b) that man became a British citizen at commencement
    or would have done so but for his death.
    (3) On an application for her registration as a British citizen Part I
    made within five years after commencement by a woman who at the time of the application is married, the Secretary of State may, if he thinks fit, cause her to be registered as such a citizen if—
    (a) immediately before commencement she would (if she had applied for it) have been entitled under section 6(2) of the 1948 Act to be registered as a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies by virtue of her being or having been married to the man who is her husband on the date of the application under this subsection; and
    (b) that man either—
    (i) became a British citizen at commencement but has ceased to be such a citizen as a result of a declaration of renunciation ; or
    (ii) would have become a British citizen at com-mencement but for his having ceased to be a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies as a result of a declaration of renunciation.
  5. —(1) A person bom in a foreign country within five years Right to after commencement shall be entitled, on an application for his registration by registration as a British citizen made within the period of twelve Other’s months from the date of the birth, to be registered as such a citizenship etc. citizen if—
    (a) the requirements specified in subsection (2) are ful¬
    filled in the case of that person’s father ; and
    (b) had that person been born before commencement and
    become a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies by virtue of section 5 of the 1948 Act (citizenship by descent) as a result of the registration of his birth at a United Kingdom consulate under paragraph (b) of the proviso to section 5(1) of that Act, he would immedi-ately before commencement have had the right of abode in the United Kingdom by virtue of section 2(1 )(b) of the Immigration Act 1971 as then in force 1971 c. 77. (connection with United Kingdom through parent or grandparent).
    (2) The requirements referred to in subsection (l)(a) are that the father of the person to whom the application relates—
    (a) immediately before commencement or at his death (whichever was earlier)—
    (i) was a citizen of the United Kingdom and Col-onies by virtue of section 5 of the 1948 Act (citizen¬ship by descent) or was a person who, under any
    provision of the British Nationality Acts 1948 to 1965, was deemed for the purposes of the proviso to section 5(1) of the 1948 Act to be a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies by descent only ; and
    (ii) was married to that person’s mother ; and
    (iii) was ordinarily resident in a foreign country (no matter which) within the meaning of the 1948 Act; and
    (b) either—
    (i) became a British citizen at commencement and remained such a citizen throughout the period from commencement to the date of the application or, if he died during that period, throughout the period from commencement to his death ; or
    (ii) would have become a British citizen at com-mencement but for his death.
  6. —(1) Subject to subsection (3), a person shall be entitled, on an application for his registration as a British citizen, to be registered as such a citizen if immediately before commence¬ment he would (had he applied for it) have been entitled under section 1(1) of the British Nationality Act 1964 (resumption of citizenship) to be registered as a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies by virtue of having an appropriate qualifying connection with the United Kingdom or, if a woman, by virtue of having been married before commencement to a person who has, or would if living have, such a connection.
    (2) On an application for his registration as a British citizen made by a person of full capacity who had before commence-ment ceased to be a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies as a result of a declaration of renunciation, the Secretary of State may, if he thinks fit, cause that person to be registered as a British citizen if that person—
    (a) has an appropriate qualifying connection with the
    United Kingdom; or
    (b) if a woman, has been married to a person who has, or would if living have, such a connection.
    (3) A person shall not be entitled to registration under sub-section (1) on more than one occasion.
    (4) For the purposes of this section a person shall be taken to have an appropriate qualifying connection with the United Kingdom if he, his father or his father’s father—
    (a) was bom in the United Kingdom ; or
    (b) is or was a person naturalised in the United Kingdom;
    or
    (c) was registered as a citizen of the United Kingdom and PartI Colonies in the United Kingdom or in a country which at the time was mentioned in section 1(3) of the 1948 Act.
    Acquisition at commencement
  7. —(1) Subject to subsection (2), a person who immediately Citizens of
    before commencement— U.K. and
    _ Colonies
    (a) was a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies; who are to
    , become
    and British
    (b) had the right of abode in the United Kingdom under citizens at
    the Immigration Act 1971 as then in force, men™611
    shall at commencement become a British citizen. 1971 c. 77.
    (2) A person who was registered as a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies under section 1 of the British Nationality 1964 c. 54. (No. 2) Act 1964 (stateless persons) on the ground mentioned
    in subsection (l)(a) of that section (namely that his mother was a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies at the time when he was born) shall not become a British citizen under subsection
    (1) unless—
    (a) his mother becomes a British citizen under subsection (1)
    or would have done so but for her death; or
    (b) immediately before commencement he had the right of
    abode in the United Kingdom by virtue of section 2(l)(c) of the Immigration Act 1971 as then in force (settlement in United Kingdom, combined with five or more years’ ordinary residence there as a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies).
    (3) A person who—
    (a) immediately before commencement was a citizen of the
    United Kingdom and Colonies by virtue of having been registered under subsection (6) of section 12 of the 1948 Act (British subjects before commencement of 1948 Act becoming citizens of United Kingdom and Colonies) under arrangements made by virtue of sub¬section (7) of that section (registration in independent Commonwealth country by United Kingdom High Commissioner); and
    (b) was so registered on an application under the said
    subsection (6) based on the applicant’s descent in the male line from a person (“ the relevant person ”) pos-sessing one of the qualifications specified in subsection
    Part I (l)(a) and (b) of that section (birth or naturalisation in
    the United Kingdom and Colonies),
    shall at commencement become a British citizen if the relevant person was bom or naturalised in the United Kingdom.
    Renunciation and resumption Renunciation. 12.—(1) If any British citizen of full age and capacity makes
    in the prescribed manner a declaration of renunciation of British citizenship, then, subject to subsections (3) and (4), the Secretary of State shall cause the declaration to be registered.
    (2) On the registration of a declaration made in pursuance of this section the person who made it shall cease to be a British citizen.
    (3) A declaration made by a person in pursuance of this section shall not be registered unless the Secretary of State is satisfied that the person who made it will after the registration have or acquire some citizenship or nationality other than British citizenship; and if that person does not have any such citizenship or nationality on the date of registration and does not acquire some such citizenship or nationality within six months from that date, he shall be, and be deemed to have remained, a British citizen notwithstanding the registration.
    (4) The Secretary of Staite may withhold registration of any declaration made in pursuance of this section if it is made during any war in which Her Majesty may be engaged in right of Her Majesty’s government in the United Kingdom.
    (5) For the purposes of this section any person who has been married shall be deemed to be of full age.
    Resumption. 13—(1) Subject to subsection (2), a person who has ceased to
    be a British citizen as a result of a declaration of renunciation shall be entitled, on an application for his registration as a British citizen, to be registered as such a citizen if—
    (a) he is of full capacity ; and
    (b) his renunciation of British citizenship was necessary to
    enable him to retain or acquire some other citizenship or nationality.
    (2) A person shall not be entitled to registration under sub-section (1) on more than one occasion.
    . p) If a person of full capacity who has ceased to be a British citizen as a result of a declaration of renunciation (for what¬ever reason made) makes an application for his registration as such a citizen, the Secretary of State may, if he thinks fit, cause him to be registered as such a citizen.
    Supplementary Part i
  8. —(1) For the purposes of this Act a British citizen is a Meaning of British citizen “ by descent ” if and only if— “b^delcent”
    (a) he is a person born outside the United Kingdom after
    commencement who is a British citizen by virtue of section 2(l)(a) only or by virtue of registration under section 3(2) or 9 ; or
    (b) subject to subsection (2), he is a person bom outside
    the United Kingdom before commencement who be-came a British citizen at commencement and immedi-ately before commencement—
    (i) was a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies by virtue of section 5 of the 1948 Act (citizenship by descent); or
    (ii) was a person who, under any provision of the British Nationality Acts 1948 to 1965, was deemed for the purposes of the proviso to section 5(1) of the 1948 Act to be a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies by descent only, or would have been so deemed if male ; or
    (iii) had the right of abode in the United King¬dom by virtue only of paragraph (b) of subsection
    (1) of section 2 of the Immigration Act 1971 as then 1971 c. 77. in force (connection with United Kingdom through parent or grandparent), or by virtue only of that paragraph and paragraph (c) of that subsection (set¬tlement in United Kingdom with five years’ ordinary residence there), or by virtue only of being or having been the wife of a person who immediately before commencement had that right by virtue only of the said paragraph (b) or the said paragraphs (b) and
    (c) ; or
    (iv) being a woman, was a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies as a result of her registration as such a citizen under section 6(2) of the 1948 Act by virtue of having been married to a man who at commencement became a British citizen by descent or would have done so but for his having died or ceased to be a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies as a result of a declaration of renuncia-tion; or
    (c) he is a British citizen by virtue of registration under
    section 3(1) and either—
    (i) his father or mother was a British citizen at the time of the birth ; or 
    (ii) his father or mother was a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies at that time and became a British citizen at commencement, or would have done so but for his or her death ; or (id) he is a British citizen by virtue of registration under section 5; or
    (e) subject to subsection (2), being a woman bom outside the United Kingdom before commencement, she is a British citizen as a result of her registration as such a citizen under section 8 by virtue of being or having been married to a man who at commencement became a British citizen by descent or would have done so but for his having died or ceased to be a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies as a result of a declara¬tion of renunciation; or (;f) he is a British citizen by virtue of registration under section 10 who, having before commencement ceased to be a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies as a result of a declaration of renunciation, would, if he had not so ceased, have at commencement become a British citizen by descent by virtue of paragraph
    (b) ; or
    (g) he is a British citizen by virtue of registration under
    section 13 who, immediately before he ceased to be a British citizen as a result of a declaration of renuncia¬tion, was such a citizen by descent; or
    (h) he is a person bom in a dependent territory after com¬
    mencement who is a British citizen by virtue of para¬graph 2 of Schedule 2.
    (2) A person bom outside the United Kingdom before com¬mencement is not a British citizen “ by descent ” by virtue of subsection (1)(6) or (e) if his father was at the time of his birth serving outside the United Kingdom—
    (a) in service of a description mentioned in subsection (3),
    his recruitment for the service in question having taken place in the United Kingdom; or
    (b) in service under a Community institution, his recruit¬
    ment for that service having taken place in a country which at the time of the recruitment was a member of the Communities.
    (3) The descriptions of service referred to in subsection (2) are—
    (a) Crown service under the government of the United
    Kingdom; and ‘
    (b) service of any description at any time designated under
    section 2(3).
    PART II
    BRITISH DEPENDENT TERRITORIES CITIZENSHIP Acquisition after commencement
  9. —(1) A person bom in a dependent territory after com- Acquisition mencement shall be a British Dependent Territories citizen if by birth or at the time of the birth his father or mother is— adoption.
    (a) a British Dependent Territories citizen ; or
    (b) settled in a dependent territory.
    (2) A new-born infant who, after commencement, is found abandoned in a dependent territory shall, unless the contrary is shown, be deemed for the purposes of subsection (1)—
    (a) to have been bom in that territory after commence-ment; and
    Ib) to have been bom to a parent who at the time of the birth was a British Dependent Territories citizen or settled in a dependent territory.
    (3) A person bom in a dependent territory after commence-ment who is not a British Dependent Territories citizen by virtue of subsection (1) or (2) shall be entitled to be registered as such a citizen if, while he is a minor—
    (a) his father or mother becomes such a citizen or becomes
    settled in a dependent territory ; and
    (b) an application is made for his registration as such a
    citizen.
    (4) A person bom in a dependent territory after commence-ment who is not a British Dependent Territories citizen by virtue of subsection (1) or (2) shall be entitled, on an application for his registration as a British Dependent Territories citizen made at any time after he has attained the age of ten years, to be registered as such a citizen if, as regards each of the first ten years of that person’s life, the number of days on which he was absent from that territory in that year does not exceed 90.
    (5) Where after commencement an order authorising the adoption of a minor who is not a British Dependent Territories citizen is made by a court in any dependent territory, he shall be a British Dependent Territories citizen as from the date on which the order is made if the adopter or, in the case of a joint adoption, one of the adopters, is a British Dependent Terri-tories citizen on that date.
    (6) Where an order in consequence of which any person became a British Dependent Territories citizen by virtue of sub¬section (5) ceases to have effect, whether on annulment or other¬wise, the cesser shall not affect the status of that person as such a citizen.
    (7) If in the special circuhistances of any particular case the Secretary Of State thinks fit, he may for the purposes of subsec¬tion (4) treat the person to whom the application relates as ful¬filling the requirements specified in that subsection although, as regards any one or more of the first ten years of that person’s life, the number of days on which he was absent from the depen¬dent territory there mentioned in that year or each of the years in question exceeds 90.
  10. —(1) A person bom outside the dependent territories after commencement shall be a British Dependent Territories citizen if at the time of the birth his father or mother—
    (a) is such a citizen otherwise than by descent; or
    (b) is such a citizen and is serving outside the dependent territories in service to which this paragraph applies, his or her recruitment for that service having taken place in a dependent territory.
    (2) Paragraph (b) of subsection (1) applies to—
    (a) Crown Service under the government of a dependent
    territory; and
    (b) service of any description for the time being designated
    under subsection (3).
    (3) For the purposes of this section the Secretary of State may by order made by statutory instrument designate any description of service which he considers to be closely associated with the activities outside the dependent territories of the govern¬ment of any dependent territory.
    (4) Any order made under subsection (3) shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament
    (1) If while a person is a minor an application is made for his registration as a British Dependent Territories citizen the Secretary of State may, if he thinks fit, cause him to be regis-tered as such a citizen.
    (2) A person bom outside the dependent territories shall be entitled, on an application for his registration as a British Dependent Territories citizen made within the period of twelve months from the date of the birth, to be registered as such a citi¬zen if the requirements specified in subsection (3) or, in the case of a person bom stateless, the requirements specified in para¬graphs (a) and (b) of that subsection, are fulfilled in the case of either that person s father or his mother (“ the parent in ques¬tion ”). 
    (3) The requirements referred to in subsection (2) are—
    (a) that the parent in question was a British Dependent
    Territories citizen by descent at the time of the birth; and
    (b) that the father or mother of the parent in question—
    (i) was a British Dependent Territories citizen otherwise than by descent at the time of the birth of the parent in question ; or
    (i) became a British Dependent Territories citizen otherwise than by descent at commencement, or would have become such a citizen otherwise than by descent at commencement but for his or her death; and
    (c) that, as regards some period of three years ending with
    a date not later than the date of the birth—
    (i) the parent in question was in a dependent terri¬tory at the beginning of that period; and
    (ii) the number of days on which the parent in question was absent from that territory in that period does not exceed 270.
    (4) If in the special circumstances of any particular case the Secretary of State thinks fit, he may treat subsection (2) as if the reference to twelve months were a reference to six years.
    (5) A person bom outside the dependent territories shall be entitled, an on application for his registration as a British Depen¬dent Territories citizen made while he is a minor, to be registered as such a citizen if the following requirements are satisfied, namely—
    (a) that at the time of that person’s birth his father or
    mother was a British Dependent Territories citizen by descent; and
    (b) subject to subsection (6), that that person and his
    father and mother were in one and the same dependent territory (no matter which) at the beginning of the period of three years ending with the date of the application and that, in the case of each of them, the number of days on which the person in question was absent from the last-mentioned territory in that period does not exceed 270; and
    (c) subject to subsection (6), that the consent of his father
    and mother to the registration has been signified in the prescribed manner.
    (6) In the case of an application under subsection (5) for the registration of a person as a British Dependent Territories citi-zen— 
    (a) if his father or mother died, or their marriage was terminated, on or before the date of the application, or his father and mother were legally separated on that daite, the references to his father and mother in para-graph (b) of that subsection shall be read either as references to his father or as references to his mother ;
    (b) if his father or mother died on or before that date, the
    reference to his father and mother in paragraph (c) of that subsection shall be read as a reference to either of them; and
    (c) if he was bom illegitimate, all those references shall be
    read as references to his mother.
  11. —(1) If, on an application for naturalisation as a British Dependent Territories citizen made by a person of full age and capacity, the Secretary of State is satisfied that the applicant fulfils the requirements of Schedule 1 for naturalisation as such a citizen under this subsection, he may, if he thinks fit, grant to him a certificate of naturalisation as such a citizen.
    (2) If, on an application for naturalisation as a British Depen-dent Territories citizen made by a person of full age and capacity who on the date of the application is married to such a citizen, the Secretary of State is satisfied that the applicant fulfils the requirements of Schedule 1 for naturalisation as such a citizen under this subsection, he may, if he thinks fit, grant to him a certificate of naturalisation as such a citizen.
    (3) Every application under this section shall specify the de-pendent territory which is to be treated as the relevant territory for the purposes of that application; and, in relation to any such application, references in Schedule 1 to the relevant terri¬tory shall be construed accordingly.
    Acquisition after commencement: special cases
  12. —(1) A person shall be entitled, on an application for his registration as a British Dependent Territories citizen made within five years after commencement, to be registered as such a citizen if, had paragraphs 2 to 5 of Schedule 1 to the Immigra¬tion Act 1971 remained in force, he would (had he applied for it) have been, on the date of the application under this sub¬section, entitled under the said paragraph 2 to be registered in a dependent territory as a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies.
    (2) In the case of any person who is a minor at commence-ment, the reference to five years after commencement in subsec¬tion (1) shall be treated as a reference to five years from the date on which he attains full age.
    (3) If in the special circumstances of any particular case the Part n Secretary of State thinks fit, he may treat subsection (1) as if—
    (a) the reference to five years after commencement were a
    reference to eight years after commencement; or
    (b) where subsection (2) applies, as if the reference to five
    years from the date on which the person to whom the application relates attains full age were a reference to eight years from that date.
  13. —(1) A woman who immediately before commencement Registration was the wife of a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies by virtue of shall be entitled, on an application for her registration as a marriage- British Dependent Territories citizen made within five years after commencement, to be registered as a British Dependent Territories citizen if—
    (a) immediately before commencement she would (if she
    had applied for it) have been entitled under section 6(2) of the 1948 Act to be registered as a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies by virtue of her marriage to the man who was then her husband; and
    (b) that man became a British Dependent Territories citizen
    at commencement and did not at any time in the period from commencement to the date of the application under this subsection cease to be such a citizen as a result of a declaration of renunciation; and
    (c) she remained married to him throughout that period.
    (2) On such an application for her registration as a British Dependent Territories citizen made within five years after com¬mencement the Secretary of State may, if he thinks fit, cause a woman to be registered as such a citizen if—
    (a) immediately before commencement she would (if she
    had applied for it) have been entitled under section 6(2) of the 1948 Act to be registered as a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies by virtue of having been married to a man to whom she is no longer married on the date of the application under this subsection; and
    (b) that man became a British Dependent Territories citizen
    at commencement or would have done so but for his death.
    (3) On an application for her registration as a British Depen¬dent Territories citizen made within five years after commence¬ment by a woman who at the time of the application is mamed, 
    Part n the Secretary of State shall, if he thinks fit, cause her to be registered as such a citizen if—
    (a) immediately before commencement she would (if she had applied for it) have been entitled under sec¬tion 6(2) of the 1948 Act to be registered as a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies by virtue of her being or having been married to the man who is her husband on the date of the application under this sub-section ; and
    (b) that man either—
    (i) became a British Dependent Territories citizen at commencement but has ceased to be such a citi-zen as a result of a declaration of renunciation ; or
    (ii) would have become a British Dependent Terri¬tories citizen at commencement but for his having ceased to be a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies as a result of a declaration of renuncia¬tion.
    Right to 21.—A person bom in a foreign country within five years after
    registration by commencement shall be entitled, on an application for his regis- father’s tration as a British Dependent Territories citizen made within citizenship etc. the period of twelve months from the date of the birth, to be registered as such a citizen if—
    (a) the requirements referred to in subsection (l)(a) of section 9 are fulfilled in the case of that person’s father, subsection (2)(b) of that section being for the purposes of this paragraph read as if any reference to becoming or remaining a British citizen were a reference to be¬coming or, as the case may be, remaining a British Dependent Territories citizen; and
    (b) had that person been bom before commencement and
    become a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies as mentioned in subsection (1)(6) of that section, he would at commencement have become a British Depen¬dent Territories citizen by virtue of section 23(1 )(b).
  14. —(1) Subject to subsection (3), a person shall be entitled, on an application for his registration as a British Depen¬dent Territories citizen, to be registered as such a citizen if immediately before commencement he would (had he applied for it) have been entitled under section 1(1) of the British Nationality Act 1964 (resumption of citizenship) to be regi¬stered as a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies by virtue of having an appropriate qualifying connection with a
    dependent territory or, if a woman, by virtue of having been PART II married before commencement to a person who has, or would if living have, such a connection.
    (2) On an application for his registration as a British Depen¬dent Territories citizen made by a person of full capacity who had before commencement ceased to be a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies as a result of a declaration of renuncia¬tion, the Secretary of State may, if he thinks fit, cause that person to be registered as a British Dependent Territories citizen if that person—
    (a) has an appropriate qualifying connection with a depen¬
    dent territory; or
    (b) if a woman, has been married to a person who has, or
    would if living have, such a connection.
    (3) A person shall not be entitled to registration under sub-section (1) on more than one occasion.
    (4) For the purposes of this section a person shall be taken to have an appropriate qualifying connection with a dependent territory if he, his father or his father’s father—
    (a) was bom in that territory ; or
    (b) is or was a person naturalised in that territory; or
    (c) was registered as a citizen of the United Kingdom and
    Colonies in that territory; or
    (d) became a British subject by reason of the annexation of
    any territory included in that territory.
    Acquisition at commencement
  15. —(1) A person shall at commencement become a British Citizens of Dependent Territories citizen if— Cotonies who
    (a) immediately before commencement he was a citizen are to
    of the United Kingdom and Colonies who had that become citizenship by his birth, naturalisation or registration 2^dent in a dependent territory; or Territories
    (b) he was immediately before commencement a citizen of citizens at
    the United Kingdom and Colonies, and was bom to “^lence’ a parent— ’
    (i) who at the time of the birth (“the material time”) was a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies; and
    (ii) who either had that citizenship at the material time by his birth, naturalisation or registra-tion in a dependent territory or was himself bom to a parent who at the time of that birth so had that citizenship; or
    (c) being a woman, she was immediately before commence¬ment a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies and either was then, or had at any time been, the wife of a man who under paragraph (a) or
    (b) becomes a British Dependent Territories citizen at commencement or would have done so but for his death.
    (2) A person shall at commencement become a British Depen¬dent Territories citizen if—
    (a) immediately before commencement he was a citizen of
    the United Kingdom and Colonies by virtue of registra¬tion under section 7 of the 1948 Act (minor children) or section 1 of the British Nationality (No. 2) Act 1964 (stateless persons); and
    (b) he was so registered otherwise than in a dependent terri¬
    tory ; and
    (c) his father or mother (in the case of a person registered
    under the said section 7) or his mother (in the case of a person registered under the said section 1)—
    (i) was a citizen of the United Kingdom and Col-onies at the time of the registration or would have been such a citizen at that time but for his or her death; and
    (ii) becomes a British Dependent Territories citi-zen at commencement or would have done so but for his or her death.
    (3) A person who—
    (a) immediately before commencement was a citizen of the
    United Kingdom and Colonies by virtue of having been registered under subsection (6) of section 12 of the 1948 Act (British subjects before commencement of 1948 Act becoming citizens of United Kingdom and Colonies) otherwise than in a dependent territory; and
    (b) was so registered on an application under that sub¬
    section based on the applicant’s descent in the male line from a person (“ the relevant person ”) possessing one of the qualifications specified in subsection (1) of that section (birth or naturalisation in the United King¬dom and Colonies, or acquisition of the status of British subject by reason of annexation of territory),
    shall at commencement become a British Dependent Territories citizen if the relevant person—
    (i) was bom or naturalised in a dependent territory ; or
    (ii) became a British subject by reason of the annexation of any territory included in a dependent territory.
    (4) A person who— Part 11
    (a) immediately before commencement was a citizen of the
    United Kingdom and Colonies by virtue of registration under section 1 of the British Nationality Act 1964 1964 c. 22. (resumption of citizenship); and
    (b) was so registered otherwise than in a dependent ter¬ritory ; and
    (c) was so registered by virtue of having an appropriate
    qualifying connection with a dependent territory or, if a woman, by virtue of having been married to a person who at the time of the registration had or would, if then living, have had such a connection, shall at commencement become a British Dependent Territories citizen.
    (5) For the purposes of subsection (4) a person shall be taken to have an appropriate qualifying connection with a dependent territory if he, his father or his father’s father—
    (a) was bom in a dependent territory; or
    (b) is or was a person naturalised in a dependent territory ; or
    (c) was registered as a citizen of the United Kingdom and
    Colonies in a dependent territory ; or
    (d) became a British subject by reason of the annexation of any territory included in a dependent territory.
    (6) For the purposes of subsection (1)(6) references to citizenship of the United Kingdom and Colonies shall, in relation to a time before the year 1949, be construed as refer-ences to British nationality.
    Renunciation and resumption
  16. The provisions of sections 12 and 13 shall apply in rela- Renunciation tion to British Dependent Territories citizens and British De- and pendent Territories citizenship as they apply in relation toresumptl0n- British citizens and British citizenship.
    Supplementary
  17. —(1) For the purposes of this Act a British Dependent Meaning of
    Territories citizen is such a citizen “ by descent ” if and only British
    If Dependent
    . . . Territories
    (a) he is a person born outside the dependent territories citizen
    after commencement who is a British Dependent Terri- “ by descent” tories citizen by virtue of section 16(1)(a) only or by virtue of registration under section 17(2) or 21 ; or
    (b) subject to subsection (2), he is a person bora outside
    the dependent territories before commencement who became a British Dependent Territories citizen at com¬mencement and immediately before commencement—
    (i) was a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies by virtue of section 5 of the 1948 Act (citizenship by descent); or
    (ii) was a person who, under any provision of the British Nationality Acts 1948 to 1965, was deemed for the purposes of the proviso to section 5(1) of the 1948 Act to be a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies by descent only, or would have been so deemed if male ; or
    (c) he is a British Dependent Territories citizen by virtue
    of registration under section 17(1) and either—
    (i) his father or mother was a British Dependent Territories citizen at the time of the birth ; or
    (ii) his father or mother was a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies at that time and became a British Dependent Territories citizen at commence* ment, or would have done so but for his or her death; or
    (d) subject to subsection (2), he is a person bora outside the dependent territories before commencement who became a British Dependent Territories citizen at commencement under section 23(1 )(b) only ; or
    (e) subject to subsection (2), being a woman, she became
    a British Dependent Territories citizen at commence-ment under section 23(l)(c) only, and did so only by virtue of having been, immediately before commence¬ment or earlier, the wife of a man who immediately after commencement was, or would but for his death have been, a British Dependent Territories citizen by descent by virtue of paragraph (b) or id) of this sub¬section ; or
    if) subject to subsection (2), being a woman bom outside
    • 6 territories before commencement, she
    is a British Dependent Territories citizen as a result of
    er registration as such a citizen under section 20 by
    virtue of being or having been married to a man
    who at commencement became such a citizen by
    descent or would have done so but for his having died
    or ceased to be a citizen of the United Kingdom
    and Colonies as a result of a declaration of renuncia-tion ; or
    (g) he is a British Dependent Territories citizen by virtue of Part II
    registration under section 22 who, having before com-mencement ceased to be a citizen of the United King-dom and Colonies as a result of a declaration of renun¬ciation, would, if he had not so ceased, have at commencement become a British Dependent Territories citizen by descent by virtue of paragraph (b), id) or (e) •
    (h) he is a British Dependent Territories citizen by virtue of
    registration under section 13 (as applied by section 24) who, immediately before he ceased to be a British Dependent Territories citizen as a result of a declara-tion of renunciation, was such a citizen by descent; or
    (i) he is a person bom in the United Kingdom after com¬
    mencement who is a British Dependent Territories citizen by virtue of paragraph 1 of Schedule 2.
    (2) A person born outside the dependent territories before commencement is not a British Dependent Territories citizen “ by descent ” by virtue of subsection (1)(Z>), (d), (e) or (/) if his father was at the time of his birth serving outside the dependent territories in service of a description mentioned in subsection (3), his recruitment for tihe service in question having taken place in a dependent territory.
    (3) The descriptions of service referred to in subsection (2) are—
    (a) Crown service under the government of a dependent
    territory; and
    (b) service of any description at any time designated under
    section 16(3).
    PART III
    BRITISH OVERSEAS CITIZENSHIP
  18. Any person who was a citizen of the United Kingdom and Citizens of Colonies immediately before commencement and who does not U.K. and at commencement become either a British citizen or a British ar° Dependent Territories citizen shall at commencement become a British
    British Overseas citizen. Overseas
    citizens at commence-ment.
  19. —(1) If while a person is a minor an application is made Registration for his registration as a British Overseas citizen, the Secretary of minors- of State may, if he thinks fit, cause him to be registered as such a citizen.
    (2) A person bom in a foreign country within five years after commencement shall be entitled, on an application for his regis¬tration as a British Overseas citizen made within the period of twelve months from the date of the birth, to be registered as such a citizen if—
    (a) the requirements referred to in subsection (l)(a) of
    section 9 are fulfilled in the case of that person’s father, subsection (2) (b) of that section being for the purposes of this paragraph read as if—
    (i) any reference to becoming a British citizen were a reference to becoming a citizen of any of the fol¬lowing descriptions, namely a British citizen, a British Dependent Territories citizen and a British Overseas citizen; and
    (ii) the reference to remaining a British citizen throughout any period were a reference to being throughout that period a citizen of at least one of those descriptions (though not necessarily the same one) throughout that period ; and
    (b) had that person been bom before commencement and
    become a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies as mentioned in subsection (1)(6) of that section, he would at commencement have become a British Over¬seas citizen by virtue of section 26.
  20. —(1) A woman who immediately before commencement was the wife of a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies shall be entitled, on an application for her registration as a British Overseas citizen made within five years after commencement, to be registered as a British Overseas citizen if—
    (a) immediately before commencement she would (if she
    had applied for it) have been entitled under section 6(2) of the 1948 Act to be registered as a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies by virtue of her mar¬riage to the man who was then her husband; and
    (b) that man became a British Overseas citizen at com¬
    mencement and did not at any time in the period from commencement to the date of the application under this subsection cease to be such a citizen as a result of a declaration of renunciation ; and
    (c) she remained married to him throughout that period.
    (2) On an application for her registration as a British Over-seas citizen made within five years after commencement, the Secretary of State may, if he thinks fit, cause a woman to be registered as such a citizen if—
    (a) immediately before commencement she would (if she had applied for it) have been entitled under section 6(2) of
    the 1948 Act to be registered as a citizen of the United Part III
    Kingdom and Colonies by virtue of having been married to a man to whom she is no longer married on the date of the application under this subsection; and
    (b) that man became a British Overseas citizen at com-mencement or would have done so but for his death.
    (3) On an application for her registration as a British Over-seas citizen made within five years after commencement by a woman who at the time of the application is married, the Secre¬tary of State may, if he thinks fit, cause her to be registered as such a citizen if—
    (a) immediately before commencement she would (if she had
    applied for it) have been entitled under section 6(2) of the 1948 Act to be registered as a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies by virtue of her being or having been married to the man who is her husband on the date of the application under this subsection ; and
    (b) that man either—
    (i) became a British Overseas citizen at commence¬ment but has ceased to be such a citizen as a result of a declaration of renunciation ; or
    (ii) would have become a British Overseas citizen at commencement but for his having ceased to be a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies as a result of a declaration of renunciation.
  21. The provisions of section 12 shall apply in relation to Renunciation. British Overseas citizens and British Overseas citizenship as
    they apply in relation to British citizens and British citizenship.
    PART IV BRITISH SUBJECTS
  22. A person who immediately before commencement was— Continuance
    (a) a British subject without citizenship by virtue of section subject’s of
    13 or 16 of the 1948 Act; or existing
    (b) a British subject by virtue of section 1 of the British of
    Nationality Act 1965 (registration of alien women who ^ain have been married to British subjects of certain des- descriptions, criptions), 1965 c. 34.
    shall as from commencement be a British subject by virtue of this section.
  23. —(1) A person is within this subsection if immediately before 1st January 1949 he was both a citizen of Eire and a British subject.
    (2) A person within subsection (1) who immediately before commencement was a British subject by virtue of section 2 of the 1948 Act (continuance of certain citizens of Eire as British subjects) shall as from commencement be a British subject by
    virtue of this subsection.
    (3) If at any time after commencement a citizen of the Republic of Ireland who is within subsection (1) but is not a British subject by virtue of subsection (2) gives notice in writing to the Secretary of State claiming to remain a British subject on either or both of the following grounds, namely—
    (a) that he is or has been in Crown Service under the
    government of the United Kingdom ; and
    (b) that he has associations by way of descent, residence
    or otherwise with the United Kingdom or with any dependent territory,
    he shall as from that time be a British subject by virtue of this subsection.
    (4) A person who is a British subject by virtue of subsection
    (2) or (3) shall be deemed to have remained a British subject from 1st January 1949 to the time when (whether already a British subject by virtue of the said section 2 or not) he became a British subject by virtue of that subsection.
  24. If while a person is a minor an application is made for his registration as a British subject, the Secretary of State may, if he thinks fit, cause him to be registered as a British subject.
  25. A woman who immediately before commencement was the wife of a British subject shall be entitled, on an application for her registration as a British subject made within five years after commencement, to be registered as a British subject if—
    (a) immediately before commencement she would (if she
    had applied for it) have been entitled under section 1 of the British Nationality Act 1965 to be registered as a British subject by virtue of her marriage to the man who was then her husband; and
    (b) on the date of the application under this section that
    man is a British subject; and
    (c) she remained married to him throughout the period from commencement to that date.
  26. The provisions of section 12 shall apply in relation to Part IV
    British subjects and the status of a British subject as they apply Renunciation in relation to British citizens and British citizenship. ’
  27. A person who under this Act is a British subject other- Circumstances wise than by virtue of section 31 shall cease to be such a subject j? ,w’h’ch .
    if, in whatever circumstances and whether under this Act or arelo lose^CtS otherwise, he acquires any other citizenship or nationality that status, whatever.
    PART V
    MISCELLANEOUS AND SUPPLEMENTARY
  28. The provisions of Schedule 2 shall have effect for the Provisions for
    purpose of reducing statelessness. reducing
    statelessness.
  29. —(1) Every person who—
    (a) under this Act is a British citizen, a British Dependent Common-
    Territories citizen, a British Overseas citizen or a wealth British subject; or cit.zenship.
    (b) under any enactment for the time being in force in any
    country mentioned in Schedule 3 is a citizen of that country,
    shall have the status of a Commonwealth citizen.
    (2) Her Majesty may by Order in Council amend Schedule 3 by the alteration of any entry, the removal of any entry, or the insertion of any additional entry.
    (3) Any Order in Council made under this section shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.
    (4) After commencement no person shall have the status of a Commonwealth citizen or the status of a British subject other-wise than under this Act.
  30. —(1) Her Majesty may by Order in Council made in British relation to any territory which was at any time before com- protected mencement- persons‘
    (a) a protectorate or protected state for the purposes of the
    1948 Act; or
    (b) a United Kingdom trust territory within the meaning of
    that Act,
    declare to be British protected persons for the purposes of this Act any class of persons who are connected with that territory and are not citizens of any country mentioned in Schedule 3 which consists of or includes that territory.
    PARTV (2) Any Order in Council made under this section shall be
    subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.
    Amendment 39.—(1) The Immigration Act 1971 shall be amended in
    of Immigration accordance with the following provisions of this section.
    Act 1971.
    loii n 77 (2) For section 2 (statement of right of abode) there shall be
    c’ substituted-
    “statement 2.—(1) A person is under this Act to have the
    of abode right of abode in the United Kingdom if—
    in United (a) jje js a British citizen; or
    Kingdom.
    (b) he is a Commonwealth citizen who—
    (i) immediately before the commence¬ment of the British Nationality Act 1981 was a Commonwealth citizen having the right of abode in the United Kingdom by virtue of section 2(1 )(d) or section 2(2) of this Act as then in force; and
    (ii) has not ceased to be a Common-wealth citizen in the meanwhile.
    (2) In relation to Commonwealth citizens who have the right of abode in the United Kingdom by virtue of subsection (1)(6) above, this Act, except this section and sections 3(9) and (9A), 5(2) and 13(3), shall apply as if they were British citizens; and in this Act (except as aforesaid) “British citizen ” shall be construed accordingly. ”.
    (3) For section 3(9) (certificates of patriality) there shall be substituted—
    (9) A person within this subsection seeking to enter the United Kingdom and claiming to have the right of abode there shall prove that he has that right by means of such certificate of entitlement as may be specified in the immigration rules, unless—
    (a) he claims to be a British citizen and produces (or
    is present when there is produced) a United King-dom passport describing him as such a citizen or a United Kingdom passport describing him as a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies hav-ing the right of abode in the United Kingdom; or
    (b) in the case of a woman falling within subsection
    (9A)(b) below who claims to be a British citizen as there mentioned by virtue of section 2(2) of this Act as in force immediately before the commence-ment of the British Nationality Act 1981, she 
    shows that immediately before that commence¬ment she—
    (i) was a citizen of the United Kingdom and
    Colonies; and
    (ii) had the right of abode in the United King¬dom by virtue of section 2(2) of this Act, as then in force, apart from any reference therein to section 2(l)(c) or id) as then in force.
    (9A) A person is within subsection (9) above if—
    {a) he is not a British citizen ; or
    (b) he claims to be a British citizen by virtue of section 11(1) of the British Nationality Act 1981 on the ground that immediately before the commence¬ment of that Act he had the right of abode in the United Kingdom by virtue of section 2(l)(c) or section 2(2) of this Act, as then in force.”.
    (4) In section 8 (exceptions for special cases), after subsection
    (5) there shall be inserted—
    “ (5A) An order under subsection (2) above may, as re¬gards any person or class of persons to whom it applies, provide for that person or class to be in specified circum¬stances regarded (notwithstanding the order) as settled in the United Kingdom for the purposes of section 1(1) of the British Nationality Act 1981.”.
    (5) For so much of section 13(3) as precedes the words “ and a person ” (restriction of right of appeal against decision that leave to enter the United Kingdom is required) there shall be sub¬stituted—
    “ (3) A person within section 3(9) above who does not hold a certificate of entitlement shall not be entitled to appeal on the ground that he has the right of abode in the United Kingdom against a decision that he requires leave to enter the United Kingdom unless—
    (a) he claims to be a British citizen and produces (or
    is present when there is produced) a United King¬dom passport describing him as such a citizen or a United Kingdom passport describing him as a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies having the right of abode in the United Kingdom ; or
    (b) in the case of such a woman as is mentioned in
    paragraph (b) of section 3(9) above, she shows that immediately before the commencement of the British Nationality Act 1981 she satisfied the con¬ditions specified in sub-paragraphs (i) and (iD of that paragraph; ”. 
    (6) Schedule 4 (which contains further amendments of the Immigration Act 1971) shall have effect.
    (7) In section 90 of the Mental Health Act 1959 and section 82 of the Mental Health (Scotland) Act 1960 (removal of non- patrial in-patients to places outside the United Kingdom), for the words from “ any patient ” to “ 1971 and ” (which were sub¬stituted for “ any person being an alien ” by section 30(1) of the Immigration Act 1971) there shall be substituted “ any patient who is neither a British citizen nor a Commonwealth citizen having the right of abode in the United Kingdom by virtue of section 2(1 )(b) of the Immigration Act 1971, being a patient”.
    (8) A certificate of patriality issued under the Immigration Act 1971 and in force immediately before commencement shall have effect after commencement as if it were a certificate of entitlement issued under that Act as amended by this section, unless at commencement the holder ceases to have the right of abode in the United Kingdom.
  31. —(1) Subject to the provisions of this section, the Secretary of State may by order deprive any British citizen to whom this subsection applies of his British citzenship if the Secretary of State is satisfied that the registration or certificate of natu¬ralisation by virtue of which he is such a citizen was obtained by means of fraud, false representation or the concealment of any material fact.
    (2) Subsection (1) applies to any British citizen who—
    (a) became a British citizen after commencement by virtue
    of—
    (i) his registration as a British citizen under any provision of this Act; or
    (ii) a certificate of naturalisation granted to him under section 6 ; or
    (b) being immediately before commencement a citizen of
    the United Kingdom and Colonies by virtue of regis¬tration as such a citizen under any provision of the British Nationality Acts 1948 to 1964, became at commencement a British citizen ; or
    (c) at any time before commencement became a British
    subject (within the meaning of that expression at that time), or a citizen of Eire or of the Republic of Ireland, by virtue of a certificate of naturalisation granted to him or in which his name was included.
    (3) Subject to the provisions of this section, the Secretary of State may by order deprive any British citizen to whom
    this subsection applies of his British citizenship if the Secretary of State is satisfied that that citizen—
    (a) has shown himself by act or speech to be disloyal or
    disaffected towards Her Majesty ; or
    (b) has, during any war in which Her Majesty was engaged,
    unlawfully traded or communicated with an enemy or been engaged in or associated with any business that was to his knowledge carried on in such a manner as to assist an enemy in that war ; or
    (c) has, within the period of five years from the relevant
    date, been sentenced in any country to imprisonment for a term of not less than twelve months.
    (4) Subsection (3) applies to any British citizen who falls within paragraph (a) or (c) of subsection (2); and in subsection
    (3) “ the relevant date ”, in relation to a British citizen to whom subsection (3) applies, means the date of the registration by virtue of which he is such a citizen or, as the case may be, the date of the grant of the certificate of naturalisation by virtue of which he is such a citizen.
    (5) The Secretary of State—
    (a) shall not deprive a person of British citizenship under
    this section unless he is satisfied that it is not con¬ducive to the public good that that person should continue to be a British citizen ; and
    (b) shall not deprive a person of British citizenship under
    subsection (3) on the ground mentioned in paragraph
    (c) of that subsection if it appears to him that that person would thereupon become stateless.
    (6) Before making an order under this section the Secretary of State shall give the person against whom the order is pro¬posed to be made notice in writing informing him of the ground or grounds on which it is proposed to be made and of his right to an inquiry under this section.
    (7) If the person against whom the order is proposed to be made applies in the prescribed manner for an inquiry, the Secretary of State shall, and in any other case the Secretary of State may, refer the case to a committee of inquiry consisting of a chairman, being a person possessing judicial experience, appointed by the Secretary of State and of such other members appointed by the Secretary of State as he thinks proper.
    (8) The Secretary of State may make rules for the practice and procedure to be followed in connection with references under subsection (7) to a committee of inquiry; and such rules may, in particular, provide for conferring on any such committee any powers, rights or privileges of any court, and for enabling any powers so conferred to be exercised by one or more members of the committee.
    (9) The power of the Secretary of State to make rules under subsection (8) shall be exercisable by statutory instrument sub¬ject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.
    (10) The preceding provisions of this section shall apply in relation to British Dependent Territories citizens and British Dependent Territories citizenship as they apply in relation to British citizens and British citizenship, but as if in subsection
    (2) (a)(ii) the reference to section 6 were a reference to section 18.
  32. —(1) The Secretary of State may by regulations make pro¬vision generally for carrying into effect the purposes of this Act, and in particular provision—
    {a) for prescribing anything which under this Act is to be prescribed;
    (b) for prescribing the manner in which, and the persons
    to and by whom, applications for registration or naturalisation under any provision of this Act may or must be made;
    (c) for the registration of anything required or authorised
    by or under this Act to be registered ;
    (d) for the administration and taking of oaths of allegiance
    under this Act, as to the time within which oaths of allegiance must be taken, and for the registration of oaths of allegiance;
    (e) for the giving of any notice required or authorised to be
    given to any person under this Act;
    (/) for the cancellation of the registration of, and the can¬cellation and amendment of certificates of naturalisa¬tion relating to, persons deprived of citizenship under this Act, and for requiring such certificates to be delivered up for those purposes;
    (g) for the births and deaths of persons of any class or
    descnptKJn born or dying in a country mentioned in Schedule 3 to be registered there by the High Com¬missioner for Her Majesty’s government in the United Kingdom or by members of his official staff;
    (h) for the births and deaths of persons of any class or
    description born or dying in a foreign country to be registered there by consular officers or other officers in the service of Her Majesty’s government in the United Kingdom;
    <i) for enabling the births and deaths of British citizens, British Dependent Territories citizens, British Overseas citizens, British subjects and British protected persons bom or dying in any country in which Her 
    Majesty’s government in the United Kingdom has for the time being no diplomatic or consular representa¬tives to be registered—
    (i) by persons serving in the diplomatic, consular or other foreign service of any country which, by arrangement with Her Majesty’s government in the United Kingdom, has undertaken to represent that government’s interest in that country, or
    (ii) by a person authorised in that behalf by the Secretary of State.
    (2) The Secretary of State may with the consent of the Treasury by regulations make provision for the imposition, recovery and application of fees in connection with any of the following matters, namely—
    (a) any application made to the Secretary of State under
    this Act;
    (b) the effecting in the United Kingdom of any registration
    authorised by or under this Act;
    (c) the making in the United Kingdom of any declaration,
    the grant there of any certificate, or the taking there of any oath of allegiance authorised to be made, granted or taken by or under this Act;
    {d) the supplying in the United Kingdom of a certified or other copy of any notice, certificate, order, declara¬tion or entry given, granted or made under or by virtue of this Act or any of the former nationality Acts;
    (e) the carrying out of searches in or of any registers or other records, being registers or records held in the United Kingdom by or on behalf of the Secretary of State, which are or may be relevant for the purpose of determining the status of any person under this Act or any of the former nationality Acts ;
    (/) the supplying by or on behalf of the Secretary of State of an opinion in writing concerning the status of any person under this Act or any of the former nationality Acts, or a certified or other copy of such an opinion.
    (3) Regulations under subsection (1) or (2) may make differ¬ent provision for different circumstances ; and—
    (a) regulations under subsection (1) may provide for the
    extension of any time-limit for the taking of oaths of allegiance; and
    (b) regulations under subsection (2) may provide for any
    fees imposed by the regulations to be payable at such times as may be prescribed.
    (4) Her Majesty may by Order in Council provide for any Act or Northern Ireland legislation to which this subsection applies to apply, with such adaptations and modifications as appear to Her necessary, to births and deaths registered—
    (a) in accordance with regulations made in pursuance of
    subsection (l)(g) to (i) of this section or subsection
    (1) (/) and (g) of section 29 of the 1948 Act; or
    (b) at a consulate of Her Majesty in accordance with
    regulations made under the British Nationality and Status of Aliens Acts 1914 to 1943 or in accordance with instructions of the Secretary of State; or
    (c) by a High Commissioner for Her Majesty’s govern¬
    ment in the United Kingdom or members of his official staff in accordance with instructions of the Secretary of State;
    and an Order in Council under this subsection may exclude, in relation to births and deaths so registered, any of the provisions of section 45.
    (5) Subsection (4) applies to—
    (a) the Births and Deaths Registration Act 1953, the Regis¬tration Service Act 1953 and the Registration of Births, Deaths and Marriages (Scotland) Act 1965; and
    (b) so much of any Northern Ireland legislation for the
    time being in force (whether passed or made before or after commencement) as relates to the registration of births and deaths. 8
    (6) The power to make regulations under subsection (1) or
    (2) shall be exercisable by statutory instrument.
    (7) Any regulations or Order in Council made under this section shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolu¬tion of either House of Parliament.
  33. —(1) Subject to subsection (2)—
    (a) a person shall not be registered under any provision of
    this Act as a citizen of any description or as a British subject; and
    (b) a certificate of naturalisation shall not be granted to a person under any provision of this Act,
    unless—
    (i) any fee payable by virtue of this Act in connection with the registration or, as the case may be, the grant of the certificate has been paid ; and
    (ii) the person concerned has within the prescribed time PartV taken an oath of allegiance in the form indicated in Schedule 5.
    (2) So much of subsection (1) as requires the taking of an oath of allegiance shall not apply to a person who—
    (a) is not of full age ; or
    (b) is already a British citizen, a British Dependent Territories
    citizen, a British Overseas citizen, a British subject, or a citizen of any country of which Her Majesty is Queen.
    (3) Any provision of this Act which provides for a person to be entitled to registration as a citizen of any description or as a British subject shall have effect subject to the preceding provisions of this section.
    (4) A person registered under any provision of this Act as a British citizen, or as a British Dependent Territories citizen or as a British Overseas citizen, or as a British subject, shall be a citizen of that description or, as the case may be, a British subject as from the date on which he is so registered.
    (5) A person to whom a certificate of naturalisation as a British citizen or as a British Dependent Territories citizen is granted under any provision of this Act shall be a citizen of that descrip¬tion as from the date on which the certificate is granted.
  34. —(1) Subject to subsection (3), the Secretary of State may, Exercise of in the case of any of his functions under this Act with respect to functions of any of the matters mentioned in subsection (2), make arrange- state ° ments for that function to be exercised— Governors
    (a) in any of the Islands, by the Lieutenant-Governor in and others-
    cases concerning British citizens or British citizenship;
    (b) in any dependent territory which is for the time being
    a colony, by the Governor in cases concerning British Dependent Territories citizens or British Dependent Ter- rities citizenship.
    (2) The said matters are—
    (a) registration and naturalisation ; and
    (b) renunciation, resumption and deprivation of British citizenship or British Dependent Territories citizenship.
    (3) Nothing in this section applies in the case of any power to make regulations or rules conferred on the Secretary of State by this Act.
    (4) Arrangements under subsection (1) may provide for any
    such function as is there mentioned to be exercisable only with the approval of the Secretary of State.
    44 . (1) Any discretion vested by or under this Act in the
    Secretary of State, a Governor or a Lieutenant-Governor shall be exercised without regard to the race, colour or religion of any person who may be affected by its exercise.
    (2) The Secretary of State, a Governor or a Lieutenant- Governor, as the case may be, shall not be required to assign any reason for the grant or refusal of any application under this Act the decision on which is at his discretion ; and the decision of the Secretary of State or a Governor or Lieutenant-Governor on any such application shall not be subject to appeal to, or review in, any court.
    (3) Nothing in this section affects the jurisdiction of any court to entertain proceedings of any description concerning the rights of any person under any provision of this Act.
  35. —(1) Every document purporting to be a notice, certificate, order or declaration, or an entry in a register, or a subscription of an oath of allegiance, given, granted or made under this Act or any of the former nationality Acts shall be received in evidence and shall, unless the contrary is proved, be deemed to have been given, granted or made by or on behalf of the person by whom or on whose behalf it purports to have been given, granted or made.
    (2) Prima facie evidence of any such document may be given by the production of a document purporting to be certified as a true copy of it by such person and in such manner as may be prescribed.
    (3) Any entry in a register made under this Act or any of the former nationality Acts shall be received as evidence (and in Scotland as sufficient evidence) of the matters stated in the entry.
    (4) A certificate given by or on behalf of the Secretary of State that a person was at any time in Crown service under the govern¬ment of the United Kingdom or that a person’s recruitment for such service took place in the United Kingdom shall, for the purposes of this Act, be conclusive evidence of that fact.
  36. —(1) Any person who for the purpose of procuring any¬thing to be done or not to be done under this Act—
    (a) makes any statement which he knows to be false in a material particular; or
    (b) recklessly makes any statement which is false in a material particular,
    shall be liable on summary conviction in the United Kingdom to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three months or to a fine not exceeding £1000, or both.
    (2) Any person who without reasonable excuse fails to comply with any requirement imposed on him by regulations made under this Act with respect to the delivering up of certificates of naturalisation shall be liable on summary conviction in the United Kingdom to a fine not exceeding £500.
    (3) In the case of an offence under subsection (1)—
    (a) any information relating to the offence may in England
    and Wales be tried by a magistrates’ court if it is laid within six months after the commission of the offence, or if it is laid within three years after the commission of the offence and not more than two months after the date certified by a chief officer of police to be the date on which evidence sufficient to justify proceedings came to the notice of an officer of his police force ; and
    (b) summary proceedings for the offence may in Scotland
    be commenced within six months after the commission of the offence, or within three years after the commis¬sion of the offence and not more than two months after the date on which evidence sufficient in the opinion of the Lord Advocate to justify proceedings came to his knowledge; and
    (c) a complaint charging the commission of the offence may
    in Northern Ireland be heard and determined by a magistrates’ court if it is made within six months after the commission of the offence, or if it is made within three years after the commission of the offence and not more than two months after the date certified by pi officer of police not below the rank of assistant chief constable to be the date on which evidence sufficient to justify the proceedings came to the notice of the police in Northern Ireland.
    (4) For the purposes of subsection (3)(b) proceedings shall be deemed to be commenced on the date on which a warrant to apprehend or to cite the accused is granted, if such warrant is executed without undue delay; and a certificate of the Lord Advocate as to the date on which such evidence as is mentioned in subsection (3)(b) came to his knowledge shall be conclusive evidence.
    (5) For the purposes of the trial of a person for an offence under subsection (1) or (2), the offence shall be deemed to have been committed either at the place at which it actually was committed or at any place at which he may be. 
    (6) In their application to the Bailiwick of Jersey subsections
    (1) and (2) shall have effect with the omission of the words “ on summary conviction ”.
  37. —(1) A person born out of wedlock and legitimated by the subsequent marriage of his parents shall, as from the date of the marriage, be treated for the purposes of this Act as if he had been bom legitimate.
    (2) A person shall be deemed for the purposes of this section to have been legitimated by the subsequent marriage of his parents if by the law of the place in which his father was domiciled at the time of the marriage the marriage operated immediately or subsequently to legitimate him, and not other-wise.
  38. Any reference in this Act to the status or description of the father or mother of a person at the time of that person’s birth shall, in relation to a person born after the death of his father or mother, be construed as a reference to the status or description of the parent in question at the time of that parent’s death; and where that death occurred before, and the birth occurs after, commencement, the status or description which would have been applicable to the father or mother had he or she died after commencement shall be deemed to be the status or description applicable to him or her at the time of his or her death.
  39. —(1) After the passing of this Act—
    (a) a person shall not be registered under any provision of the existing nationality Acts as a citizen of the
    United Kingdom and Colonies or a British subject; and
    (b) a certificate of naturalisation shall not be granted to a
    person under any provision of those Acts,
    unless—
    (i) any fee payable by virtue of those Acts in connection
    with the registration or, as the case may be, the grant of the certificate has been paid ; and
    (ii) where applicable, the person in question has taken the
    oath of allegiance which, but for this section, he would have been required by those Acts to take in connec¬tion with the registration or, as the case may be, the grant to him of the certificate.
    (2) Any provision of the existing nationality Acts which pro¬vides for a person to be entitled to registration as a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies or a British subject shall have effect subject to subsection (1).
    (3) A person registered after the passing of this Act under PartV any provision of the existing nationality Acts as a citizen of
    the United Kingdom and Colonies or a British subject shall be such a citizen by registration or, as the case may be, a British subject by virtue of that provision as from the date on which he is so registered; and a person to whom a certificate of naturalisa¬tion is after the passing of this Act granted under any such pro¬vision shall be a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies by naturalisation as from the date on which the certificate is granted.
    (4) The following provisions of the existing nationality Acts, namely—
    (a) in the 1948 Act, section 9 and, in section 10(1), the
    words from “ and the person ” onwards ; and
    (b) section 1(2) of the British Nationality Act 1965, 1965 c. 34.
    shall not apply in relation to any application for registration or for a certificate of naturalisation under any provision of the existing nationality Acts, whenever made, unless the person to whom that application relates has been registered or, as the case may be, granted such a certificate before the passing of this Act.
    (5) In this section “ the existing nationality Acts ” means the British Nationality Acts 1948 to 1965.
  40. —(1) In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires— Interpretation.
    “ the 1948 Act ” means the British Nationality Act 1948 ; 1948 c. 56.
    “ alien ” means a person who is neither a Commonwealth citizen nor a British protected person nor a citizen of the Republic of Ireland ;
    “ association ” means an unincorporated body of persons ;
    “ British protected person ” means a person who is a mem-ber of any class of persons declared to be British pro-tected persons by an Order in Council for the time being in force under section 38 or is a British pro-tected person by virtue of the Solomon Islands Act 1978 c. 15. 1978;
    commencement ”, without more, means the commence-ment of this Act;
    ■“Commonwealth citizen ” means a person who has the status of a Commonwealth citizen under this Act;
    “ company ” means a body corporate ;
    ■“ Crown service ” means the service of the Crown, whether within Her Majesty’s dominions or elsewhere;
    “ Crown service under the government of the United King-dom ” means Crown service under Her Majesty’s gov¬ernment in the United Kingdom or under Her Majesty’s government in Northern Ireland ;
    “ dependent territory ” means a territory mentioned in Schedule 6;
    “ enactment ” includes an enactment comprised in Northern Ireland legislation;
    “ foreign country ” means a country other than the United Kingdom, a dependent territory, a country mentioned in Schedule 3 and the Republic of Ireland ;
    “ the former nationality Acts ” means—
    (a) the British Nationality Acts 1948 to 1965 ;
    (.b) the British Nationality and Status of Aliens Acts 1914 to 1943 ; and
    (c) any Act repealed by the said Acts of 1914 to 1943 or by the Naturalization Act 1870 ;
    “ Governor ”, in relation to a dependent territory, includes the officer for the time being administering the govern¬ment of that territory;
    “ High Commissioner ” includes an acting High Commis-sioner ;
    “ immigration laws ”—
    (a) in relation to the United Kingdom, means the Immigration Act 1971 and any law for purposes similar to that Act which is for the time being or has at any time been in force in any part of the United Kingdom;
    (.b) in relation to a dependent territory, means any law for purposes similar to the Immigration Act 1971 which is for the time being or has at any time been in force in that territory ;
    “ the Islands ” means the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man;
    “ minor ” means a person who has not attained the age of eighteen years;
    “ prescribed ” means prescribed by regulations made under section 41 ;
    “ settled ” shall be construed in accordance with subsections
    (2) to (4);
    “ ship ” includes a hovercraft;
    “ statutory provision ” means any enactment or any pro-vision contained in—
    (a) subordinate legislation (as defined in section 21(1) of the Interpretation Act 1978); or
    (b) any instrument of a legislative character made under any Northern Ireland legislation;
    “the United Kingdom” means Great Britain, Northern PartV Ireland and the Islands, taken together;
    “ United Kingdom consulate ” means the office of a con-sular officer of Her Majesty’s government in the United Kingdom where a register of births is kept or, where there is no such office, such office as may be prescribed.
    (2) Subject to subsection (3), references in this Act to a per¬
    son being settled in the United Kingdom or in a dependent territory are references to his being ordinarily resident in the .
    United Kingdom or, as the case may be, in that territory with¬out being subject under the immigration laws to any restriction
    on the period for which he may remain.
    (3) Subject to subsection (4), a person is not to be regarded for the purposes of this Act—
    (a) as having been settled in the United Kingdom at any
    time when he was entitled to an exemption under section 8(3) or (4)(b) or (c) of the Immigration Act1971 c- 77« 1971 or, unless the order under section 8(2) of that Act conferring the exemption in question provides otherwise, to an exemption under the said section 8(2), or to any corresponding exemption under the former immigration laws; or
    (b) as having been settled in a dependent territory at any
    time when he was under the immigration laws en¬titled to any exemption corresponding to any such exemption as is mentioned in paragraph (a) (that para-graph being for the purposes of this paragraph read as if the words from “ unless ” to “ otherwise ” were omitted).
    (4) A person to whom a child is born in the United Kingdom after commencement is to be regarded for the purposes of section 1(1) as being settled in the United Kingdom at the time of the birth if—
    (a) he would fall to be so regarded but for his being at that
    time entitled to an exemption under section 8(3) of the Immigration Act 1971; and
    (b) immediately before he became entitled to that exemption
    he was settled in the United Kingdom ; and
    (c) he was ordinarily resident in the United Kingdom from
    the time when he became entitled to that exemption to the time of the birth ; but this subsection shall not apply if at the time of the birth the child’s father or mother is a person on whom any immunity from jurisdiction is conferred by or under the Diplomatic Pnvi- 1964 c. 81. leges Act 1964. 
    (5) It is hereby declared that a person is not to be treated for the purpose of any provision of this Act as ordinarily resi¬dent in the United Kingdom or in a dependent territory at a time when he is in the United Kingdom or, as the case may be, in that territory in breach of the immigration laws.
    (6) For the purposes of this Act—
    (a) a person shall be taken to have been naturalised in the United Kingdom if, but only if, he is—
    (i) a person to whom a certificate of naturalisation was granted under any of the former nationality Acts by the Secretary of State or, in any of the Islands, by the Lieutenant-Governor; or
    (ii) a person who by virtue of section 27(2) of the British Nationality and Status of Aliens Act 1914 was deemed to be a person to whom a certificate of naturalisation was granted, if the certificate of naturalisation in which his name was included was granted by the Secretary of State; or
    (iii) a person who by virtue of section 10(5) of the Naturalization Act 1870 was deemed to be a natur¬alised British subject by reason of his residence with his father or mother;
    (.b) a person shall be taken to have been naturalised in a dependent territory if, but only if, he is—
    (i) a person to whom a certificate of naturalisation was granted under any of the former nationality Acts by the Governor of that territory or by a person for the time being specified in a direction given in relation to that territory under paragraph 4 of Schedule 3 to the West Indies Act 1967 or for the time being holding an office so specified ; or
    (ii) a person who by virtue of the said section 21(2) was deemed to be a person to whom a certificate of naturalisation was granted, if the certificate of naturalisation in which his name was included was granted by the Governor of that territory; or
    (iii) a person who by the law in force in that terri¬tory enjoyed the privileges of naturalisation within that territory only;
    and references in this Act to naturalisation in the United King¬dom or in a dependent territory shall be construed accordingly.
    (7) For the purposes of this Act a person born outside the United Kingdom aboard a ship or aircraft—
    (a) shall be deemed to have been bom in the United Kingdom if—
    (i) at the time of the birth his father or mother was a British citizen ; or 
    (ii) he would, but for this subsection, have been bom stateless,
    and (in either case) at the time of the birth the ship or aircraft was registered in the United Kingdom or was an unregistered ship or aircraft of the govern¬ment of the United Kingdom; but
    (b) subject to paragraph (a), is to be regarded as born out¬side the United Kingdom, whoever was the owner of the ship or aircraft at that time, and irrespective of whether or where it was then registered.
    The preceding provisions of this subsection shall apply in relation to each dependent territory with the substitution for the references to the United Kingdom and to a British citizen of references to that territory and to a British Dependent Territories citizen respectively.
    (8) For the purposes of this Act an application under any provision thereof shall be taken to have been made at the time of its receipt by a person authorised to receive it on behalf of the person to whom it is made ; and references in this Act to the date of such an application are references to the date of its re¬ceipt by a person so authorised.
    (9) For the purposes of this Act—
    (a) the relationship of mother and child shall be taken to
    exist between a woman and any child (legitimate or illegitimate) bom to her; but
    (b) subject to section 47, the relationship of father and
    child shall be taken to exist only between a man and any legitimate child bom to him ; and the expressions “ mother ”, “ father ”, “ parent ”, “ child ” and “ descended ” shall be construed accordingly.
    (10) For the purposes of this Act—
    (a) a period “ from ” or “ to ” a specified date includes
    that date; and
    (b) any reference to a day on which a person was absent
    from the United Kingdom or from a dependent terri¬tory or from the dependent territories is a reference to a day for the whole of which he was so absent.
    (11) For the purposes of this Act—
    (a) a person is of full age if he has attained the age of
    eighteen years, and of full capacity if he is not of unsound mind; and
    (b) a person attains any particular age at the beginning of
    the relevant anniversary of the date of his birth.
    Part V (12) References in this Act to any country mentioned in
    Schedule 3 include references to the dependencies of that
    country.
    (13) Her Maiestv may by Order in Council subject to annul- mmt m p»ISyof a resolution of either House of Parliament amend Schedule 6 in any of the following circumstances, namely— , . .
    (a) where the name of any territory mentioned in it is
    altered; or ….
    (b) where any territory mentioned in it is divided into two
    or more territories.
    Meanina of 51.—(1) Without prejudice to subsection (3)(c), in any enact-
    certain ment or instrument whatever passed or made before commence-
    expressions ment “ British subject ” and “ Commonwealth citizen have the
    relating to same meaning, that is—
    nationality in ^ ^ relation tQ any time before commencement—
    (i) a person who under the 1948 Act was at that time a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies or who, under any enactment then in force in a country mentioned in section 1(3) of that Act as then in force, was at that time a citizen of that country; and
    (ii) any other person who had at that time the status of a British subject under that Act or any other enactment then in force ;
    (b) in relation to any time after commencement, a person who has the status of a Commonwealth citizen under this Act.
    (2) In any enactment or instrument whatever passed or made after commencement—
    “ British subject ” means a person who has the status of a British subject under this Act;
    “ Commonwealth citizen ” means a person who has the status of a Commonwealth citizen under this Act.
    (3) In any enactment or instrument whatever passed or made before commencement—
    (a) “ citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies ”—
    (i) in relation to any time before commencement, means a person who under the 1948 Act was at that time a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies ;
    (ii) in relation to any time after commencement, means a person who under this Act is a British citizen, a British Dependent Territories citizen or a British Overseas citizen; 
    (b) any reference to ceasing to be a citizen of the United Part V
    Kingdom and Colonies shall, in relation to any time after commencement, be construed as a reference to becoming a person who is neither a British citizen nor a British Dependent Territories citizen nor a British Overseas citizen;
    <c) any reference to a person who is a British subject (or a British subject without citizenship) by virtue of section
    2, 13, or 16 of the 1948 Act or by virtue of, or of section 1 of, the British Nationality Act 1965 shall, in 1965 c. 34. relation to any time after commencement, be construed as a reference to a person who under this Act is a British subject.
    (4) In any statutory provision, whether passed or made before or after commencement, and in any other instrument whatever made after commencement “ alien ”, in relation to any time after commencement, means a person who is neither a Common¬wealth citizen nor a British protected person nor a citizen of the Republic of Ireland.
    (5) The preceding provisions of this section—
    (a) shall not apply in cases where the context otherwise requires; and
    (b) shall not apply to this Act or to any instrument made
    under this Act.
  41. —(1) In any enactment or instrument whatever passed or Consequential made before commencement, for any reference to section 1(3) of amendments, the 1948 Act (list of countries whose citizens are Common- trans.i(?°nal wealth citizens under that Act) there shall be substituted a repeals°and reference to Schedule 3 to this Act, unless the context makes savings, that substitution inappropriate.
    (2) Subject to subsection (3), Her Majesty may by Order in Council make such consequential modifications of—
    (a) any enactment of the Parliament of the United Kingdom
    passed before commencement;
    (b) any provision contained in any Northern Ireland legis¬
    lation passed or made before commencement; or
    (c) any instrument made before commencement under any
    such enactment or provision, as appear to Her necessary or expedient for preserving after* commencement the substantive effect of that enactment, pro¬vision or instrument.
    (3) Subsection (2) shall not apply in relation to¬te) the Immigration Act 1971; or 1971 c. 77.
    (b) any provision of this Act not contained in Schedule 7.
    (4) Any Order in Council made under subsection (2) shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.
    (5) Any provision made by Order in Council under sub-section (2) after commencement may be made with retrospec-tive effect as from commencement or any later date.
    (6) The enactments specified in Schedule 7 shall have effect subject to the amendments there specified, being amendments consequential on the provisions of this Act.
    (7) This Act shall have effect subject to the transitional pro-visions contained in Schedule 8.
    (8) The enactments mentioned in Schedule 9 are hereby repealed to the extent specified in the third column of that Schedule.
    (9) Without prejudice to section 51, nothing in this Act affects the operation, in relation to any time before commence-ment, of any statutory provision passed or made before com-mencement.
    (10) Nothing in this Act shall be taken as prejudicing the operation of sections 16 and 17 of the Interpretation Act 1978 (which relate to the effect of repeals).
    (11) In this section “ modifications ” includes additions, omis¬sions and alterations.
  42. —(1) This Act may be cited as the British Nationality Act 1981.
    (2) This Act, except the provisions mentioned in subsection
    (3) , shall come into force on such day as the Secretary of State may by order made by statutory instrument appoint; and refer¬ences to the commencement of this Act shall be construed as references to the beginning of that day.
    (3) Section 49 and this section shall come into force on the passing of this Act.
    (4) This Act extends to Northern Ireland.
    (5) The provisions of this Act, except those mentioned in sub¬section (7), extend to the Islands and all dependent territories; and section 36 of the Immigration Act 1971 (power to extend provisions of that Act to Islands) shall apply to the said excepted provisions as if they were provisions of that Act.
    (6) For the purposes of section 3(3) of the West Indies Act 1967 it is hereby declared that the provisions of this Act, except those mentioned in subsection (7), extend to all associated states. 
    (7) The provisions referred to in subsections (5) and (6) are—
    (a) section 39 and Schedule 4 ;
    (b) section 52(7) and Schedule 8 so far as they relate to
    the Immigration Act 1971; and
    (c) section 52(8) and Schedule 9 so far as they relate to
    provisions of the Immigration Act 1971 other than Schedule 1.
    SCHEDULES SCHEDULE 1
    REQUIREMENTS FOR NATURALISATION
    Naturalisation as a British citizen under section 6(1)
  43. —(1) Subject to paragraph 2, the requirements for naturalisation as a British citizen under section 6(1) are, in the case of any person who applies for it—
    (а) the requirements specified in sub-paragraph (2) of this para¬
    graph, or the alternative requirement specified in sub-paragraph (3) of this paragraph ; and
    (б) that he is of good character ; and
    (c) that he has a sufficient knowledge of the English, Welsh
    or Scottish Gaelic language ; and
    (d) that either—
    (i) his intentions are such that, in the event of a certifi¬cate of naturalisation as a British citizen being granted to him, his home or (if he has more than one) his princi¬pal home will be in the United Kingdom ; or
    (ii) he intends, in the event of such a certificate being granted to him, to enter into, or continue in, Crown ser¬vice under the government of the United Kingdom, or service under an international organisation of which the United Kingdom or Her Majesty’s government therein is a member, or service in the employment of a company or association established in the United Kingdom.
    (2) The requirements referred to in sub-paragraph (1)(«) of this paragraph are—
    (a) that the applicant was in the United Kingdom at the begin¬ning of the period of five years ending with the date of the application, and that the number of days on which he was absent from the United Kingdom in that period does not exceed 450 ; and
    (b) that the number of days on which he was absent from the United Kingdom in the period of twelve months so ending does not exceed 90 ; and
    (c) that he was not at any time in the period of twelve months
    so ending subject under the immigration laws to any re¬striction on the period for which he might remain in the United Kingdom; and
    (d) that he was not at any time in the period of five years so ending in the United Kingdom in breach of the immigration laws.
    (3) The alternative requirement referred to in sub-paragraph (l)(a) of this paragraph is that on the date of the application he is serving outside the United Kingdom in Crown service under the government of the United Kingdom. 
  44. If in the special circumstances of any particular case the Secre¬tary of State thinks fit, he may for the purposes of paragraph 1 do all or any of the following things, namely—
    (a) treat the applicant as fulfilling the requirement specified in paragraph 1(2)(a) or paragraph 1(2)(b), or both, although the number of days on which he was absent from the United Kingdom in the period there mentioned exceeds the number there mentioned ;
    (b) treat the applicant as having been in the United Kingdom
    for the whole or any part of any period during which he
    would otherwise fall to be treated under paragraph 9(1) as having been absent;
    (c) disregard any such restriction as is mentioned in paragraph
    l(2)(c), not being a restriction to which the applicant was subject on the date of the application ;
    (d) treat the applicant as fulfilling the requirement specified in
    paragraph 1(2)(d) although he was in the United Kingdom
    in breach of the immigration laws in the period there mentioned;
    (e) waive the need to fulfil the requirement specified in paragraph
    l(l)(c) if he considers that because of the applicant’s age or
    physical or mental condition it would be unreasonable to ex¬pect him to fulfil it.
    Naturalisation as a British citizen under section 6(2)
  45. Subject to paragraph 4, the requirements for naturalisation as a British citizen under section 6(2) are, in the case of any person who applies for it—
    (a) that he was in the United Kingdom at the beginning of the
    period of three years ending with the date of the application, and that the number of days on which he was absent from
    the United Kingdom in that period does not exceed 270;
    and
    (b) that the number of days on which he was absent from the
    United Kingdom in the period of twelve months so ending does not exceed 90 ; and
    (c) that on the date of the application he was not subject under
    the immigration laws to any restriction on the period for which he might remain in the United Kingdom; and (<d) that he was not at any time in the period of three years ending with the date of the application in the United King¬dom in breach of the immigration laws ; and
    (e) the requirement specified in paragraph 1(1)(6).
  46. Paragraph 2 shall apply in relation to paragraph 3 with the following modifications, namely—
    (a) the reference to the purposes of paragraph 1 shall be read
    as a reference to the purposes of paragraph 3 ;
    (b) the references to paragraphs l(2)(a), 1(2)(b) and 1(2X0 shall be read as references to paragaphs 3(a), 3(b) and 3(d) respectively;
    (c) paragraph 2(c) and (e) shall be omitted ; and
    (d) after paragraph (e) there shall be added—
    “ (/) waive the need to fulfil all or any of the require¬ments specified in paragraph 3(a) and (b) if on the date of the application the person to whom the applicant is married is serving in service to which section 2(1)(Z>) applies, that person’s recruitment for that service having taken place in the United Kingdom.”.
    Naturalisation as a British Dependent Territories citizen under
    section 18(1)
  47. —(1) Subject to paragraph 6, the requirements for naturalisation as a British Dependent Territories citizen under section 18(1) are, in the case of any person who applies for it—
    (a) the requirements specified in sub-paragraph (2) of this paragraph, or the alternative requirement specified in sub¬paragraph (3) of this paragraph ; and
    (b) that he is of good character; and
    (c) that he has a sufficient knowledge of the English language
    or any other language recognised for official purposes in the relevant territory; and
    (d) that either—
    (i) his intentions are such that, in the event of a certifi¬cate of naturalisation as a British Dependent Territories citizen being granted to him, his home or (if he has more than one) his principal home will be in the relevant terri¬tory ; or
    (ii) he intends, in the event of such a certificate being granted to him, to enter into, or continue in, Crown service under the government of that territory, or service under an international organisation of which that terri¬tory or the government of that territory is a member, or service in the employment of a company or association established in that territory.
    (2) The requirements referred to in sub-paragraph (lXa) of this paragraph are—
    (a) that he was in the relevant territory at the beginning of the
    period of five years ending with the date of the application, and that the number of days on which he was absent from that territory in that period does not exceed 450 ; and
    (b) that the number of days on which he was absent from that
    territory in the period of twelve months so ending does not exceed 90; and
    (c) that he was not at any time in the period of twelve months
    so ending subject under the immigration laws to any restric¬tion on the period for which he might remain in that territory; and
    (d) that he was not at any time in the period of five years so ending in that territory in breach of the immigration laws. 
    (3) The alternative requirement referred to in sub-paragraph (IX®) of this paragraph is that on the date of the application he is serving outside the relevant territory in Crown service under the govern¬ment of that territory.
  48. If in the special circumstances of any particular case the Secre¬tary of State thinks fit, he may for the purposes of paragraph 5 do all or any of the following things, namely—
    (a) treat the applicant as fulfilling the requirement specified in paragraph 5(2)(a) or paragraph 5(2)(6), or both, although the number of days on which he was absent from the rele¬vant territory in the period there mentioned exceeds the number there mentioned;
    (b) treat the applicant as having been in the relevant territory for the whole or any part of any period during which he would otherwise fall to be treated under paragraph 9(2) as having been absent;
    (c) disregard any such restriction as is mentioned in paragraph
    5(2)(c), not being a restriction to which the applicant was subject on the date of the application ;
    id) treat the applicant as fulfilling the requirement specified in paragraph 5(2){d) although he was in the relevant territory in breach of the immigration laws in the period there mentioned;
    (e) waive the need to fulfil the requirement specified in paragraph 5(l)(c) if he considers that because of the applicant’s age or physical or mental condition it would be unreasonable to expect him to fulfil it.
    Naturalisation as a British Dependent Territories citizen under
    section 18(2)
  49. Subject to paragraph 8, the requirements for naturalisation as a British Dependent Territories citizen under section 18(2) are, in the case of any person who applies for it—
    (a) that he was in the relevant territory at the beginning of the period of three years ending with the date of the application, and that the number of days on which he was absent from that territory in that period does not exceed 270 ; and
    (b) that the number of days on which he was absent from that territory in the period of twelve months so ending does not exceed 90; and
    (c) that on the date of the application he was not subject under
    the immigration laws to any restriction on the period for which he might remain in that territory ; and
    (d) that he was not at any time in the period of three years
    ending with the date of the application in that territory in breach of the immigration laws ; and
    (e) the requirement specified in paragraph 5(1 )(6).
  50. Paragraph 6 shall apply in relation to paragraph 7 with the following modifications, namely—
    (a) the reference to the purposes of paragraph 5 shall be read as a reference to the purposes of paragraph 7 ; 
    (b) the references to paragraphs 5(2)(a), 5(2)(b) and 5(2)(d) shall
    be read as references to paragraphs 7(a), 7(b) and 1(d) res¬pectively ;
    (c) paragraph 6(c) and (e) shall be omitted ; and
    (d) afer paragraph (e) there shall be added—
    “ (/) waive the need to fulfil all or any of the re-quirements specified in paragraph 7(a) and (b) if on the date of the application the person to whom the applicant is married is serving in service to which section 16(1)(2>) applies, that person’s recruitment for that service having taken place in a dependent territory.”.
    Periods to be treated as periods of absence from U.K. or a dependent
    territory
  51. —(1) For the purposes of this Schedule a person shall (subject to paragraph 2(b)) be treated as having been absent from the United Kingdom during any of the following periods, that is to say—
    (a) any period when he was in the United Kingdom and either
    was entitled to an exemption under section 8(3) or (4) of the Immigration Act 1971 (exemptions for diplomatic agents etc. and members of the forces) or was a member of the family and formed part of the household of a person so entitled;
    (b) any period when he was detained—
    (i) in any place of detention in the United Kingdom in pursuance of a sentence passed on him by a court in the United Kingdom or elsewhere for any offence ;
    (ii) in any hospital in the United Kingdom under a hospital order made under Part V of the Mental Health Act 1959 or section 175 or 376 of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1975 or Part III of the Mental Health Act (Northern Ireland) 1961, being an order made in connection with his conviction of an offence; or
    (iii) under any power of detention conferred by the immigration laws of the United Kingdom;
    (c) any period when, being liable to be detained as mentioned
    in paragraph (&)(i) or (ii) of this sub-paragraph, he was unlawfully at large or absent without leave and for that reason liable to be arrested or taken into custody ;
    (d) any period when, his actual detention under any such power as is mentioned in paragraph (2>Xiii) of this sub¬paragraph being required or specifically authorised, he was unlawfully at large and for that reason liable to be arrested.
    (2) For the purposes of this Schedule a person shall (subject to paragraph 6(b)) be treated as having been absent from any particular dependent territory during any of the following periods, that is to say—
    (a) any period when he was in that territory and either was entitled to an exemption under the immigration laws of that territory corresponding to any such exemption as is men-
    tioned in sub-paragraph (l)(a) or was a member of the SCH. 1
    family and formed part of the household of a person so entitled ;
    (ib) any period when he was detained—
    (i) in any place of detention in the relevant territory in pursuance of a sentence passed on him by a court in that territory or elsewhere for any offence;
    (ii) in any hospital in that territory under a direction (however described) made under any law for purposes similar to Part V of the Mental Health Act 1959 which 1959 c. 72. was for the time being in force in that territory, being
    a direction made in connection with his conviction of an offence and corresponding to a hospital order under that Part; or
    (iii) under any power of detention conferred by the immigration laws of that territory ;
    (c) any period when, being liable to be detained as mentioned
    in paragraph (6)(i) or (ii) of this sub-paragraph, he was unlawfully at large or absent without leave and for that reason liable to be arrested or taken into custody ;
    (d) any period when, his actual detention under any such power as is mentioned in paragraph (i»)(iii) of this sub¬paragraph being required or specifically authorised, he was unlawfully at large and for that reason liable to be arrested.
    Interpretation
  52. In this Schedule “ the relevant territory ” has the meaning given by section 18(3).
    SCHEDULE 2
    Provisions for Reducing Statelessness Persons born in the United. Kingdom after commencement
  53. —(1) Where a person bom in the United Kingdom after com¬mencement would, but for this paragraph, be bom stateless, then, subject to sub-paragraph (3)—
    (a) if at the time of the birth his father or mother is a citizen
    or subject of a description mentioned in sub-paragraph
    (2) , he shall be a citizen or subject of that description; and accordingly
    (b) if he is bom legitimate and at the time of the birth each of
    his parents is a citizen or subject of a different description so mentioned, he shall be a citizen or subject of the same description so mentioned as each of them is respectively at that time.
    (2) The descriptions referred to in sub-paragraph (1) are a British Dependent Territories citizen, a British Overseas citizen and a British subject under this Act.
    (3) A person shall not be a British subject by virtue of this paragraph if by virtue of it he is a citizen of a description mentioned in sub-paragraph (2).
    Persons born in a dependent territory after commencement
  54. —(1) Where a person bom in a dependent territory after com¬mencement would, but for this paragraph, be bom stateless, then, subject to sub-paragraph (3)—
    (a) if at the time of the birth his father or mother is a citizen
    or subject of a description mentioned in sub-paragraph
    (2) , he shall be a citizen or subject of that description; and accordingly
    (b) if he is bom legitimate and at the time of the birth each of his parents is a citizen or subject of a different descrip¬tion so mentioned, he shall be a citizen or subject of the same description so mentioned as each of them is re¬spectively at that time.
    (2) The descriptions referred to in sub-paragraph (1) are a British citizen, a British Overseas citizen and a British subject under this Act.
    (3) A parson shall not be a British subject by virtue of this para¬graph if by virtue of it he is a citizen of a description mentioned in sub-paragraph (2).
    Persons born in the United Kingdom or a dependent territory after
    commencement
  55. —(1) A person bom in the United Kingdom or a dependent territory after commencement shall be entitled, on an application for his registration under this paragraph, to be so registered if the following requirements are satisfied in his case, namely—
    (a) that he is and always has been stateless; and
    (b) that on the date of the application he had attained the age
    of ten but was under the age of twenty-two ; and
    (c) that he was in the United Kingdom or a dependent terri¬
    tory (no matter which) at the beginning of the period of five years ending with that date and that (subject to para¬graph 6) the number of days on which he was absent from both the United Kingdom and the dependent territories in that period does not exceed 450.
    (2) A person entitled to registration under this paragraph—
    (a) shall be registered under it as a British citizen if, in the period of five years mentioned in sub-paragraph (1), the number of days wholly or partly spent by him in the United Kingdom exceeds the number of days wholly or partly spent by him in the dependent territories;
    (b) in any other case, shall be registered under it as a British Dependent Territories citizen.
    Persons born outside the United Kingdom and the dependent territories after commencement
  56. —(1) A person bom outside the United Kingdom and the depen¬dent territories after commencement shall be entitled, on an applica¬tion for his registration under this paragraph, to be so registered if the following requirements are satisfied, namely—
    (a) that that person is and always has been stateless ; and
    (b) that at the time of that person’s birth his father or mother was a citizen or subject of a description mentioned in sub-paragraph (4); and
    (c) that that person was in the United Kingdom or a dependent
    territory (no matter which) at the beginning of the period of three years ending with the date of the application and that (subject to paragraph 6) the number of days on which he was absent from both the United Kingdom and the dependent territories in that period does not exceed 270.
    (2) A person entitled to registration under this paragraph—
    (a) shall be registered under it as a citizen or subject of a des-
    scription available to him in accordance with sub-paragraph
    (3) ; and
    (b) if more than one description is so available to him, shall be
    registered under this paragraph as a citizen of whichever one or more of the descriptions so available to him is or are stated in the application under this paragraph to be wanted.
    (3) For the purposes of this paragraph the descriptions of citizen or subject available to a person entitled to registration under this paragraph are—
    (a) in the case of a person whose father or mother was at the
    time of that person’s birth a citizen of a description men¬tioned in sub-paragraph (4), any description of citizen so mentioned which applied to his father or mother at that time ;
    (b) in any other case, a British subject under this Act.
    (4) The descriptions referred to in sub-paragraphs (1) to (3) are a British citizen, a British Dependent Territories citizen, a British Overseas citizen and a British subject under this Act.
    Persons born stateless before commencement
  57. —(l) A person bom before commencement shall be entitled, on an application for his registration under this paragraph, to be so registered if the circumstances are such that, if—
    (a) this Act had not been passed, and the enactments repealed
    or amended by this Act had continued in force accordmgly; and
    (b) an application for the registration of that person under section 1 of the British Nationality (No. 2) Act 1964 (state¬less persons) as a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies had been made on the date of the application under this paragraph,
    that person would have been entitled under that section to be registered as such a citizen.
    (2) A person entitled to registration under this paragraph shall be registered under it as such a citizen as he would have become at commencement if, immediately before commencement, he had been registered as a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies under section 1 of the British Nationality (No. 2) Act 1964 on which¬ever of the grounds mentioned in subsection (l)(fl) to (c) of that section he would have been entitled to be so registered on in the circumstances described in sub-paragraph (l)(fl) and (b) of this para¬graph.
    Supplementary
  58. If in the special circumstances of any particular case the Secre¬tary of State thinks fit, he may for the purposes of paragraph 3 or 4 treat the person who is the subject of the application as fulfilling the requirement specified in sub-paragraph (lXc) °f that paragraph although the number of days on which he was absent from both the United Kingdom and the dependent territories in the period there mentioned exceeds the number there mentioned.
    SCHEDULE 3 Countries Whose Citizens are Commonwealth Citizens
    Antigua and Barbuda Mauritius
    Australia Nauru
    The Bahamas New Zealand
    Bangladesh Nigeria
    Barbados Papua New Guinea
    Belize Saint Lucia
    Botswana Saint Vincent and the
    Canada Grenadines
    Republic of Cyprus Seychelles
    Dominica Sierra Leone
    Fiji Singapore
    The Gambia Solomon Islands
    Ghana Sri Lanka
    Grenada Swaziland
    Guyana Tanzania
    India Tonga
    Jamaica Trinidad and Tobago
    Kenya Tuvalu
    Kiribati Uganda
    Lesotho Vanuatu
    Malawi Western Samoa
    Malaysia Zambia
    Malta Zimbabwe.
    SCHEDULE 4 Amendments of Immigration Act 1971 1. In this Schedule “the 1971 Act” means the Immigration Act 1971.

  59. For “ patrial ”—
    (a) where it occurs in the provisions of the 1971 Act listed in
    the first column of the following table, and where it first occurs in section 6(2) of that Act, substitute “a British citizen ”;
    (b) where it occurs in the provisions of that Act listed in the
    second column of that table, and where it last occurs in section 6(2) of that Act, substitute “ British citizens Table
    (1) (2)
    ” a British citizen ” “ British citizens ”
    Section 3(1), (5), (6), (8);
    Section 5(2);
    Section 9(4) ;
    Section 14(2) ;
    Section 24(1);
    In section 33(1), the defini¬tions of “ entry clearance ” and “ work permit ” ;
    In Schedule 2, paragraphs 2(l)(a), 3(1), 6(1), 12(2) and 13(2).
    In Schedule 4, paragraphs 1(1) and (2), 3(1) and 4.
  60. —(1) For “ certificate of patriality ”, wherever (except in section 33(1)) it occurs in the 1971 Act (that is, in sections 13(2), 22(4)(a) and (5)(a), 26(l)(d) (twice) and paragraph 19(2) of Schedule 2 (twice)) substitute “ certificate of entitlement
    (2) In the entry in section 33(1) which defines “ certificate of patriality ”, for “ patriality ” substitute “ entitlement ”.
  61. In section 3(7) of the 1971 Act (powers available where restric¬tions or conditions are imposed on citizens of the United Kingdom and Colonies when leaving or seeking to leave other countries), for “ citizens of the United Kingdom and Colonies ” substitute “ British citizens, British Dependent Territories citizens or British Overseas citizens
  62. In section 8(5) of the 1971 Act, for the words from “ settled ” onwards (by virtue of which persons are not to be regarded for the purposes of the 1971 Act as having been settled in the United King¬dom while entitled to certain exemptions) substitute “ settled in the United Kingdom at any time when he was entitled under the former immigration laws to any exemption corresponding to any of those afforded by subsection (3) or (4)(£) or (c) above or by any order under subsection (2) above.”.
  63. In section 25(5) of the 1971 Act (extension of provisions about offences of assisting illegal entry and harbouring to things done outside the United Kingdom by persons of certain descriptions), for para¬graphs (a) to'(e) substitute—
    (a) by a British citizen, a British Dependent Territories citizen, or a British Overseas citizen; 
    (£>) by a person who under the British Nationality Act 1981 is a British subject; or
    (c) by a British protected parson (within the meaning of that Act).”.
  64. In section 33 of the 1971 Act (interpretation)—
    (a) in subsection (1)—
    (i) in the definition of “ settled ”, for the words from “ with ” onwards substitute “ with subsection (2A) below ; ” ; and
    (ii) after the definition of “ ship ” insert—
    “ “ United Kingdom passport ” means a current passport issued by the Government of the United Kingdom, or by the Lieutenant-Governor of any of the Islands, or by the Government of any territory which is for the time being a dependent territory within the meaning of the British Nationality Act 1981 ; ” ; and
    (b) after subsection (2) insert—
    “ (2A) Subject to section 8(5) above, references to a
    person being settled in the United Kingdom are
    references to his being ordinarily resident there without being subject under the immigration laws to any restric¬tion on the period for which he may remain.”.
    SCHEDULE 5 FORM OF OATH OF ALLEGIANCE
    The form of the oath of allegiance is as shown below, with the
    insertion, after the words “ on becoming ”, of whichever of the
    following expressions is appropriate, namely—
    “ a British dtizen ”
    “ a British Dependent Territories citizen ”
    “ a British Overseas citizen ”
    “ a British subject ”.
    Oath of allegiance
    I, A.B., swear by Almighty God that, on becoming » I will be faithful and bear true allegiance to Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth the Second Her Heirs and Successors according to law.
    SCHEDULE 6 BRITISH DEPENDENT TERRITORIES
    Anguilla
    Bermuda
    British Antarctic Territory British Indian Ocean Territory Cayman Islands
    Falkland Islands and Dependencies
    Gibraltar
    Hong Kong
    Montserrat
    Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno Islands St Christopher and Nevis St. Helena and Dependencies
    The Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia (that is to Sch. 6 say^the areas mentioned in section 2(1) of the Cyprus Act i960 & 52.
    Turks and Caicos Islands Virgin Islands.
    SCHEDULE 7 Section 52(6).
    Consequential Amendments ACT OF SETTLEMENT (12 & 13 Will. 3. c. 2.)
    In section 3, the words from “ That after the said limitation shall take effect” to “in trust for him” (which impose certain disqualifications) shall not apply to Commonwealth citizens or citizens of the Republic of Ireland.
    LEGITIMACY DECLARATION ACT 1858 (c. 93)
    In section 9 (declaration that person is a subject of Her Majesty in Scottish action of declarator), for “ subject of Her Majesty ” sub¬stitute “ Commonwealth citizen ”.
    SUBMARINE TELEGRAPH ACT 1885 (c.49)
    In section 3(5) (offence for a subject of Her Majesty to abet breaking or injuring of submarine cable outside dominions), for “ a subject of Her Majesty ” substitute “ a Commonwealth citizen ”.
    BRITISH NATIONALITY ACT 1948 (c.56)
    In section 3 (limitation of criminal liability of citizens of certain countries), after subsection (3) insert—
    “ (4) In this section “ foreign country ” and “ British pro-tected person ” have the same meaning as in the British Nationality Act 1981.”.
    IRELAND ACT 1949 (c.41)
  65. In section 3(l)(a) (certain provisions not affected by fact that Republic of Ireland is not part of Her Majesty’s dominions), for sub-paragraph (i) (which lists the British Nationality Act 1948) 1948 c. 56. substitute—
    “ (i) section 3 of the British Nationality Act 1948 ; ”.
  66. For section 7(2) (interpretation of references to protectorates etc. by reference to 1948 Act) substitute—
    “(2) In this Act “the United Kingdom” includes the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man.”.
    DEFAMATION ACT 1952 (c.66)
    In Part III of the Schedule (interpretation), in paragraph 14, for “ subsection (3) of section one of that Act ” substitute “ Schedule 3 to the British Nationality Act 1981 ”.
    DEFAMATION ACT (NORTHERN IRELAND) 1955 (c.ll) (N.I.)
    In Part III of the Schedule (interpretation), in paragraph 14, for “ subsection (3) of section one of that Act ” substitute “ Schedule 3 to the British Nationality Act 1981 ”. 
    CYPRUS ACT 1960 (c.52)
    In section 6(1) (power to remove Republic of Cyprus from section 1(3) of 1948 Act), for the words from “ specified ” onwards substitute “ mentioned in Sdiedule 3 to the British Nationality Act 1981, Her Majesty may by Order in Council remove the Republic of Cyprus from that Schedule.”.
    EMERGENCY LAWS (RE-ENACTMENTS AND REPEALS) ACT 1964 (c.60)
    In section 9 (territorial extent of Part I), in subsection (2)—
    (a) in the definition of “British protected person”, for “the British Nationality Acts 1948 to 1964” substitute “the British Nationality Act 1981 ”; and
    (b) in the definition of “ excepted ship or aircraft ”, for “ section
    1(3) of the British Nationality Act 1948 ” substitute “ Schedule 3 to the British Nationality Act 1981 ”.
    DIPLOMATIC PRIVILEGES ACT 1964 (c.81)
    For section 3(2) (disregard, in connection with citizenship of children of certain persons possessing diplomatic immunity, of Orders in Council withdrawing diplomatic privileges and immuni¬ties) substitute—
    “ (2) An Order in Council under this section shall be disre¬garded for the purposes of section 50(4) of the British Nation¬ality Act 1981 (circumstances in which certain persons entitled to exemption under section 8(3) of the Immigration Act 1971 are to be regarded for the purposes of section 1(1) of the said Act of 1981 as settled in the United Kingdom).”.
    COMMONWEALTH SECRETARIAT ACT 1966 (c.10)
    In Part II of the Schedule (staff of the Secretariat), in paragraphs 5(1) and 7, for “ section 1(3) of the British Nationality Act 1948 ” substitute “ Schedule 3 to the British Nationality Act 1981 ”.
    WEST INDIES ACT 1967 (c.4)
  67. In section 13(3) (power to make changes in nationality or citizen¬ship law in certain events), for “ citizens of the United Kingdom and Colonies ” substitute “ British Dependent Territories citizens or British Overseas citizens ”.
  68. In Schedule 3 (modifications of British Nationality Acts)—
    (a) for paragraph 4(3) substitute—
    “ (3) This paragraph applies to those functions of the Secretary of State under the British Nationality Act 1981 in the case of which he has power under section 43 of that Act to make arrangements for them to be exercised in a dependent territory which is for the time being a colony by the Governor ; and subsection (4) of that section (approval of Secretary of State) shall apply in relation to a direction under this paragraph as it applies in relation to arrangements under that section.” ; and
    (b) in paragraph 6, for the words from “ Section 26 ” to “ 1965) ” Sch. 7 substitute “ Section 44 of the British Nationality Act 1981
    MARINE ETC. BROADCASTING (OFFENCES) ACT 1967 (c. 41)
    In section 3(3) (persons prohibited from broadcasting whilst on or over high seas), for paragraphs (a) to (e) substitute—
    “(a) a British citizen, a British Dependent Territories citizen or a British Overseas citizen ; or
    (b) a person who under the British Nationality Act 1981 is a
    British subject; or
    (c) a British protected person (within the meaning of that Act).”.
    ANTARCTIC TREATY ACT 1967 (c.65)
    In section 1(3) (persons prohibited from harming Antarctic flora and fauna)—
    (a) for paragraphs (a) to (e) substitute—
    “ (a) a British citizen, a British Dependent Territories citizen or a British Overseas citizen ; or
    (b) a person who under the British Nationality Act 1981 is a British subject; or
    (c) a British protected person (within the meaning of that Act),”; and
    (b) for “ (a) to (e) ” substitute “ (a) to (c) ”.
    FUGITIVE OFFENDERS ACT 1967 (c. 68)
    In section 2(1) (designated Commonwealth countries whose fugi¬tives may be returned by United Kingdom), for “ subsection (3) of section 1 of the British Nationality Act 1948 ” substitute “ Schedule 1948 c. 56. 3 to the British Nationality Act 1981
    CONSULAR RELATIONS ACT 1968 (c.18)
    In section 1(2) (meaning of certain terms in Schedule 1), in the definition of “ national of the receiving State ”, for the words from “ as ” onwards substitute “ as meaning—
    (a) a British citizen, a British Dependent Territories citizen or a
    British Overseas citizen ; or
    (b) a person who under the British Nationality Act 1981 is a British subject; or
    (c) a British protected person (within the meaning of that
    Act).”.
    TANZANIA ACT 1969 (c.29)
    In section 4(3) (enactments excluded from power to apply statu¬tory provisions to Tanzania), for “ the British Nationality Acts substitute “ the British Nationality Act 1981 .
    INCOME AND CORPORATION TAXES ACT 1970 (c. 10)
    1 For “ section 1(3) of the British Nationality Act 1948 ”, where- ever ft occurfftLt is, in sections 181(1), 214(1X*» and 372(2)(b)) substitute “ Schedule 3 to the British Nationality Act 1981 . 
  69. In section 214, after subsection (5) insert—
    “ (6) In subsection (1)(6) above, the references to a country mentioned in Schedule 3 to the British Nationality Act 1981 do not include any country which, immediately before the com¬mencement of the British Nationality Act 1981, was mentioned in section 1(3) of the British Nationality Act 1948 otherwise than by virtue of an enactment passed after 1956.”.
    MERCHANT SHIPPING ACT 1970 (c.36)
  70. In section 70(3) (meaning of “ British seamen ” in section 70), for “ the British Nationality Act 1948 ” substitute “ the British Nationality Act 1981
  71. In section 93(3) (meaning of “ independent Commonwealth country ” in section 93), for “ section 1(3) of the British Nationality Act 1948 ” substitute “ Schedule 3 to the British Nationality Act 1981
    HIJACKING ACT 1971 (c.70)
    In section 1(3) (persons not within exceptions to offence of hijack¬ing), for paragraphs (a) to (e) substitute—
    (a) a British citizen, a British Dependent Territories citizen or a British Overseas citizen ; or (ib) a person who under the British Nationality Act 1981 is a British subject; or
    (c) a British protected person (within the meaning of that Act).”.
    CIVIL AVIATION ACT 1971 (c. 75)
    In section 64(1) (interpretation), in the definition of “ United King¬dom national ”, for paragraphs (a) to (e) substitute—
    (a) a British citizen, a British Dependent Territories citizen or a
    British Overseas citizen ; or
    (b) a person who under the British Nationality Act 1981 is a
    British subject; or
    (c) a British protected person (within the meaning of that Act).”.
    PROTECTION OF AIRCRAFT ACT 1973 (c.47)
    In section 1(5) (persons not within exception to offence of destroy¬ing etc. aircraft), for paragraphs (a) to (e) substitute—
    (a) a British citizen, a British Dependent Territories citizen or a
    British Overseas citizen; or
    (b) a person who under the British Nationality Act 1981 is a
    British subject; or
    (c) a British protected person (within the meaning of that Act).”.
    CHILDREN ACT 1975 (c.72)
  72. In Part II of Schedule 1 (adoption orders)—
    (a) in paragraph 7(2Xa), for “ the British Nationality Acts 1948 to 1965” substitute “the British Nationality Act 1981”; and
    (b) in paragraph 7(2)(d), for “ citizenship of the United Kingdom Sch 7 and Colonies” substitute “British citizenship, British ’ Dependent Territories citizenship or British Overseas
    citizenship.”.
  73. In Schedule 2 (status conferred in Scotland by adoption)—
    (a) in paragraph 1(4)(a), for “ the British Nationality Acts 1948 to 1965 ” substitute “ the British Nationality Act 1981 ” ; and
    (b) in paragraph l(4)(c0» for “ citizenship of the United Kingdom
    and Colonies ” substitute “ British citizenship, British Dependent Territories citizenship or British Overseas
    citizenship.”.
    ADOPTION ACT 1976 (c.36)
    In section 47(2) (nationality enactments)—
    (a) in paragraph (a), for “ the British Nationality Acts 1948 to
    1965 ” substitute “ the British Nationality Act 1981 ” ; and
    (b) in paragraph (d), for “ citizenship of the United Kingdom
    and Colonies ” substitute “ British citizenship, British Dependent Territories citizenship or British Overseas
    citizenship.”.
    NATIONAL HEALTH SERVICE ACT 1977 (c.49)
    In paragraph 3 of Schedule 11 (territorial extent)—
    (a) in the definition of “ British protected person ”, for “ the
    British Nationality Acts 1948 to 1965 ” substitute “ the British Nationality Act 1981 ” ; and
    (b) in the definition of “ excepted ship or aircraft ”, for “ section
    1(3) of the British Nationality Act 1948 ” substitute 1948 c. 56.
    “ Schedule 3 to the British Nationality Act 1981 ”.
    SOLOMON ISLANDS ACT 1978 (c.15)
    In section 6 (construction of nationality provisions)—
    (a) in subsection (1), for “ section 1(3) of the 1948 Act” substi¬
    tute “ Schedule 3 to the British Nationality Act 1981 ”;
    (b) for subsection (2) substitute—
    “ (2) The following provisions of the British Nation¬ality Act 1981, namely sections 45 (evidence), 46 (offences and proceedings), 48 (posthumous children) and 50 (interpretation) shall have effect for the purposes of sections 2 to 6 of this Act as if those sections of this Act were included in that Act.”; and
    (c) in subsection (3), for “section 23(2) of the 1948 Act)”
    substitute “ section 47(2) of the British Nationality Act 1981)”.
    ADOPTION (SCOTLAND) ACT 1978 (c.28)
    In section 41(2) (nationality enactments)—
    (a) in paragraph (a), for “ the British Nationality Acts 1948 to 1965 ” substitute “ the British Nationality Act 1981 ” ; and
    (b) in paragraph (d), for “citizenship of the United Kingdom and Colonies ” substitute “ British citizenship, British De¬pendent Territories citizenship or British Overseas citizen¬ship.”.
    NATIONAL HEALTH SERVICE (SCOTLAND) ACT 1978
    (c.29)
    In paragraph 3 of Schedule 10 (territorial extent)—
    (a) in the definition of “ British protected person ”, for “ the British Nationality Acts 1948 to 1965 ” substitute “ the British Nationality Act 1981 ” ; and
    (b) in the definition of “ excepted ship or aircraft ”, for “ section
    1(3) of the British Nationality Act 1948 ” substitute “ Schedule 3 to the British Nationality Act 1981
    STATE IMMUNITY ACT 1978 (c.33)
    In section 4(5) (definition of “ national of the United Kingdom ”), for the words from “ means ” onwards substitute “ means—
    (a) a British citizen, a British Dependent Territories citizen or a
    British Overseas citizen ; or
    (b) a person who under the British Nationality Act 1981 is a British subject; or
    (c) a British protected person (within the meaning of that Act)
    DEEP SEA MINING (TEMPORARY PROVISIONS)
    ACT 1981 (c. 53)
  74. In section 1 (prohibition of unlicensed deep sea mining)—
    (a) in subsection (4), for “ citizen of the United Kingdom and
    Colonies ” substitute “ United Kingdom national ” ;
    (b) in subsection (5)(a), for “ citizens of the United Kingdom and
    Colonies ” and “ such citizens ” substitute respectively “ United Kingdom nationals ” and “ such nationals ” ; and
    (c) in subsection (6), for the words from “ and references ” onwards substitute—
    “ “ United Kingdom national ” means—
    (a) a British citizen, a British Dependent Territories
    citizen or a British Overseas citizen ;
    (b) a person who under the British Nationality Act
    1981 is a British subject; or
    (c) a British protected person (within the meaning of that Act).”.
  75. In section 14(3) (persons who may be guilty of offences under regulations), for “ a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies ” substitute “ a British citizen, a British Dependent Territories citizen or a British Overseas citizen ”. 
    SCHEDULE 8 TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS
    Applications for naturalisation or registration pending at commencement
    1.—(1) This paragraph applies to any application—
    (a) for registration under any provision of the British Nationality Acts 1948 to 1965 as a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies or as a British subject; or
    (b) for a certificate of naturalisation under section 10 of the
    1948 Act,
    which is received before commencement by a person authorised to receive it on behalf of the person to whom it is made but which at commencement has not been determined.
    (2) In relation to any application to which this paragraph applies—
    (a) the British Nationality Acts 1948 to 1965 and all regula¬
    tions and arrangements in force under them immediately before commencement shall (so far as applicable) continue to apply; and
    (b) this Act shall not apply ;
    but on the granting of such an application and the taking under those Acts of such other steps as are necessary for the person in question to become—
    (i) a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies by virtue
    of any provision of those Acts; or
    (ii) a British subject by virtue of registration under any pro¬vision of those Acts,
    that person, instead of becoming a citizen or subject of that descrip¬tion, shall become under this Act such a citizen or subject as he would have become at commencement if, immediately before commence¬ment, he had been such a citizen or subject as is mentioned in para¬graph (i) or (ii), as the case may be.
    (3) Sub-paragraph (2) shall have effect as if the references in it to the British Nationality Acts 1948 to 1965 did, and as if the refer¬ence in paragraph (b) of it to this Act did not, include section 49 of this Act.
  76. Where a person who has been registered or to whom a certificate of naturalisation has been granted before the passing of this Act has at commencement not yet taken the oath of allegiance, para¬graph 1(2) shall apply as if the application on which he was re¬gistered or the certificate was granted were an application to which paragraph 1 applies.
    Registration at U.K. consulate, after commencement, of certain
    births occurring in foreign countries less than a year before commencement
  77. —(1) This paragraph applies to a person bom less than a year before commencement if—
    (a) the birth occurred in a place in a foreign country (within the meaning of the 1948 Act); and
    (b) at the time of the birth his father was a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies by descent only ; and
    (c) the birth was not registered at a United Kingdom consulate
    before commencement.
    (2) If the birth of a person to whom this paragraph applies is regis¬tered at a United Kingdom consulate within one year of its occur¬rence, he shall be deemed for the purposes of this Act to have been,
    immediately before commencement, a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies by virtue of section 5 of the 1948 Act (citizenship by descent).
    (3) References in this paragraph to the 1948 Act are references to that Act as in force at the time of the birth in question.
    Declarations by certain persons who by virtue of an Order in Council under section 4 of the Cyprus Act 1960 have ceased to be citizens of the United Kingdom and Colonies
  78. —(1) Where—
    (a) a person has before commencement duly made a declara¬
    tion under section 4(2) of the Cyprus Act 1960 of his
    intention to resume citizenship of the United Kingdom
    and Colonies; but
    (b) at commencement the declaration has not been registered, the Secretary of State shall cause the declaration to be registered.
    (2) If—
    (a) a person who in consequence of anything done before he attained the age of sixteen years ceased by virtue of an Order in Council under section 4 of the Cyprus Act 1960 to be a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies makes, in such a manner as the Secretary of State may direct, a declaration of his intention to accept the citizenship avail¬able to him under this paragraph ; and
    (b) the declaration is made by him after commencement and within one year after his attaining the age of twenty-one years,
    the Secretary of State shall cause the declaration to be registered.
    (3) On the registration under sub-paragraph (1) or (2) of any such declaration as is there mentioned the person who made it shall become under this Act such a citizen as he would have become at commencement if, immediately before commencement, he had been a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies by virtue of section 4(2) of the Cyprus Act 1960.
    Applications for certificates of patriality pending at commencement
  79. Any application for a certificate of patriality under the Immi¬gration Act 1971 duly made but not determined before commencement shall be treated as if it were an application for a certificate of entitle¬ment under that Act as amended by this Act.
    Appeals under Part II of Immigration Act 1971 Sch. 8
  80. Where a person who has been refused a certificate of patriality
    under the Immigration Act 1971 before commencement has 1971 c. 77. immediately before commencement a right of appeal under Part II (appeals) of that Act against the refusal, the provisions of that Part shall have effect in relation to the refusal as if he had applied for, and been refused, a certificate of entitlement under that Act as amended by this Act.
  81. Any appeal under Part II of the Immigration Act 1971 against a refusal of a certificate of patriality under that Act which is pending immediately before commencement shall be treated as if it were an appeal against a refusal of a certificate of entitlement under that Act as amended by this Act.
  82. In relation to appeals against any decision taken or other thing done under the Immigration Act 1971 before commencement, other than a refusal of a certificate of patriality under that Act, the provisions of that Act shall continue to apply as in force imTnp.diatip.1y before commencement, and not as amended by this Act.
    SCHEDULE 9 Repeals
    Chapter Short title Extent of repeal
    11 & 12 Geo. 6. Burma Independence Act Section 2.
    c. 3. 1947. Schedule 1.
    11 &12Geo.6. British Nationality Act The whole Act except—
    c. 56. 1948. (a) section 3;
    (b) section 32(3);
    (c) section 33(1) from the beginning to the words “Isle of Man”; and
    (d) section 34(1).
    12, 13 & 14 Ireland Act 1949. Section 5.
    Geo. 6. c. 41.
    14 Geo. 6. c. 5. Newfoundland (Conse-quential Provisions) Act 1950. The whole Act.
    15 & 16 Geo. 6 Visiting Forces Act 1952. Section 15(3)(c) and (d).
    & 1 Eliz. 2.
    c. 67.
    5 & 6 Eliz. 2. Ghana Independence Act Section 2.
    c. 6. 1957.
    5 & 6 Eliz. 2. Federation of Malaya In¬ In Schedule 1, paragraph 1.
    c. 60. dependence Act 1957.
    6 & 7 Eliz. 2. British Nationality Act The whole Act.
    c. 10. 1958.
    7 & 8 Eliz. 2. Adoption Act 1958. Section 19.
    c. 5. In section 60(2), the words “ section nineteen, and ”,
    8 & 9 Eliz. 2. Cyprus Act 1960. Section 4(2) to (4) and (7).
    c. 52. In the Schedule, paragraph 1.
    8 & 9 Eliz. 2. Nigeria Independence Act Section 2.
    c. 55. 1960.
    9 & 10 Eliz. 2. Sierra Leone Indepen¬ Section 2.
    c. 16. dence Act 1961.
    10 Eliz. 2. c. 1. T anganyika Independence Act 1961. Section 2.
    10 & 11 Eliz. 2. Civil Aviation (Euro¬ Section 9(2).
    c. 8. control) Act 1962.
    10 & 11 Eliz. 2. Commonwealth Immi¬ Section 12(2) and (4).
    c. 21. grants Act 1962.
    10&11 Eliz. 2. South Africa Act 1962. Section 1(2).
    c. 23. Schedule 1.
    10 & 11 Eliz. 2. Jamaica Independence Section 2.
    c. 40. Act 1962.
    10&11 Eliz. 2. Trinidad and Tobago In¬ Section 2.
    c. 54. dependence Act 1962.
    10&11 Eliz. 2. Uganda Independence Section 2.
    c. 57. Act 1962.
    1963 c. 35. Malaysia Act 1963. Section 2. Schedule 1.
    1963 c. 54. Kenya Independence Act Sections 2 and 3.

    1. 1963 c. 55. Zanzibar Act 1963. Section 2. Schedule 2.

International Head¬quarters and Defence Organisations Act 1964. British Nationality Act 1964.
Malawi Independence Act
1964.
British Nationality (No.
2) Act 1964.
Adoption Act 1964.
Zambia Independence Act 1964.
Diplomatic Privileges Act 1964.
Malta Independence Act
1964.
Gambia Independence Act 1964.
British Nationality Act
1965.
Guyana Independence Act 1966.
Botswana Independence Act 1966.
Lesotho Independence Act 1966.
Singapore Act 1966. Barbados Independence Act 1966.
West Indies Act 1967.
Aden, Perim and Kuria Muria Islands Act 1967. Mauritius Independence Act 1968.
Consular Relations Act 1968.
Adoption Act 1968.
Section 2(1 )(c).
In section 2(l)(d), the reference to paragraph (c).
The whole Act.
Sections 2 and 3.
The whole Act.
Section 1(3).
In section 4(4), the words from “ except ” to “ 1958 ”,
Sections 3 and 4.
Section 5(2).
Sections 2 and 3.
Sections 2 and 3.
The whole Act.
Sections 2 and 3.
Sections 3 and 4.
Sections 3 and 4.
In the Schedule, paragraph 1.
Sections 2 and 3.
Section 12.
In Schedule 3, paragraphs 1 to
3, 5 and 7 and, in paragraph 4(1), the words from “(sub¬ject ” to “ Schedule)
Section 2.
Schedule.
Sections 2 and 3.
Section 7.
Section 9(5).
In section 14(3), the words “ except sections 9(5) and this section ”.
Sections 3 and 4.
In the Schedule, paragraph
m-
Section 1.
Section 7(l)(a) and (2).
Section 28(4)(a).
In Schedule 1, the entry relating to the British Nationality Act 1948.
SCH. 9

Extent of repeal

Tonga Act 1970.
Fiji Independence Act 1970.
Tribunals and Inquiries Act 1971.
Immigration Act 1971.
Sri Lanka Republic Act 1972.
Bahamas Independence Act 1973.
Pakistan Act 1973.
Bangladesh Act 1973. Malta Republic Act 1975. Children Act 1975.
Seychelles Act 1976. Adoption Act 1976.
Trinidad and Tobago Republic Act 1976. Solomon Islands Act 1978.
Tuvalu Act 1978. Judicature (Northern Ire-land) Act 1978. Adoption (Scotland) Act 1978.
Interpretation Act 1978.
Section 2.
Sections 2 and 3.
In section 14(3), the words from “ affect ” to “ 1948 or ”.
In section 9(5), the words from “ other ” to “ section 2 ”.
Section 30(1).
In section 31(a), the words from “ (including ” to “ Act)”.
Schedule 1 (including Appen¬dices A to C).
Section 1(3) and (5).
Section 2(1), (2) and (6).
Section 1.
Schedules 1 and 2.
Section 2.
Section 1(3).
In section 109(2)(6), the words “ and 63 ” and “ and ”.
Section 109(2)(c).
In Schedule 3, paragraph 63.
Sections 3 and 4.
Section 5(3).
Section 40.
In section 47(2), the words “ Without prejudice to section 40”.
In section 74(4), the words from “ except ” to “ 1968 ”.
Section 1(3).
Section 2(1).
Section 4(5).
Section 5(l) and (3).
Sections 2, 3 and 5(2).
Section 22(2)(«).
Section 40.
In section 41(2), the words “ Without prejudice to section 40”.
In section 24(4), the words “ British subject and Com-monwealth citizen; ”.
In Schedule 1, the entry de¬fining “ British subject ” and “ Commonwealth citizen ”.
In Schedule 2, in paragraph 6, the words “ British subject and Commonwealth citizen; ”.
Section 3(3).
Sections 4 and 5.
Section 7(2).
Chapter Short title Extent of repeal
1979 c. 60. Zimbabwe Act 1979. Section 2.
In section 5(2)—
(a) paragraph (a); and
(b) in paragraph (b), the words “ 1 or ”.
Schedule 1.
1980 c. 2. Papua New Guinea, Western Samoa and Nauru (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1980. In section 1, subsection (1) and, in subsection (3), the reference to section 3(2).
Section 2.
Section 3(2).
1980 c. 16. New Hebrides Act 1980. Section 1.
In section 4(2), the reference to section 1(2).
1981 c. 52. Belize Act 1981. Section 4(1).
1981 c. 61. British Nationality Act 1981. Section 49.

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19585
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